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The area west of the monumental buildings, comprising of the Civitate A and Piano del Tesoro properties, has been explored in recent years to better understand the relationship of the elite residents with the non-elites that must have aided in constructing the monumental buildings. Civitate A has been continually excavated since 1991 when several features were discovered while establishing a master grid system for the site of Poggio Civitate.

In the western area of Civitate A, several roasting pits (CA-33 JB I & JB III ), an Archaic period well (CA-42 JBB II , LS I , & MG II ), and several Iron Age lenses (CA-36 JB IV , TT IV ; CA- 55 CO II ; CA-62 AEG I ) were excavated during the 90s & 00s. These discoveries provided motivation to excavators to extend work into the surrounding area.

This is in order to clarify the relationship of these features to each other and the monumental complex to the east.

Trenches continued to be opened moving east back towards the Archaic Complex along the Medieval Road in an attempt to further clarify previous discoveries. During the 2012 & 2013 seasons, open excavations were conducted in Civitate A in an area that had initially revealed a linear packing of rocks in trenches CA 70 & 71 ( AAF II & CGL I ). CA 72 & 73 ( ARR IV & AEG VI ) were placed along the eastern baulk and CA 74, 80, & CA 83 ( CAC I , CLP I , & KRK VI ) were placed to the west. CA 78 & CA 82 ( AJC V & RDC I ) were placed north of CA 73, while CA 76, CA 77, & CA 79 ( LHS II , EC X , EMO IV ) were placed south of CA 72.

These trenches all revealed several distinct thin lines of rocks that could have supported partitions for screens. Through CA 78, 73, 72, & 76 a partially preserved foundation indicating a possible light frame building was also found. From CA 82 through CA 79 a possible retaining wall was also uncovered. Additionally a large amount of waste producers from metal production and bone carving were recovered (see 20120200-Antler working surface, 20120111-Forno, 20130110-slag as examples). This combination of materials and rock features has lead excavators to believe that the area served both as non-elite domiciles of workshop.

During the 2014 season, excavations were extended further east into the Piano del Tesoro property zone, towards the Archaic Complex.

In this area, the original excavators of Poggio Civitate dropped several exploratory test trenches. While most of them were quickly abandoned when no substantial architecture or architectural terra cotta was revealed, several of these trenches did uncover a large amount of decorative terra cotta intentionally dumped into a lens (CA-2- BH II , CA 24- BB I , & CA 28- EN I ). This deposit seems to be associated with the destruction of the Archaic Complex and the scattering of the decorative material from the roofing structure. It was during the limited excavations in this area that more linear rock packings were uncovered. While the use most of them remain unclear, in T-57 a liner packing of stones was uncovered that ran

diagonally from the northwest the southeastern corners of the trench. During excavations it was noted that the stones had a series of coursings under the exposed top layer. The stones were proximately 1 to 1.2m in width and run roughly parallel to a linear rock feature in T-59 that is roughly 5.7 m south. Exploring and better understanding the possible wall feature will be the primary reason for returning to the Tesoro West area in 2015.

T-72 is a 3x2 m trench that will be placed just northwest of T-57 in an attempt to further clarify features uncovered in 2014.

2015 Goals:

1) To explore the area immediately to the northwest of T-57 and reveal any new architectural features, stratigraphy, and topographic information that will help clarify the features found.

2) To recover dateable material from a secure context in relation to the features in the area.

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Suggested Citation

Paige A. Musselman. "PAM I (2015-06-26):3-14; Introduction from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 72/2015, ID:689". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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