CB 38 was reopened in 2011 for the following reasons:
1. To better reveal the stratigraphy and topography of Civitate B.
2. To further uncover and better understand the organic deposit discovered in 2010.
3. To clarify the relationship between the organic deposit of CB 38 and the archaic deposition pit found in CB 39.
4. To search for evidence of non-elite habitation.
5. To better understand how this area of the site was used in antiquity.
To these ends, the excavation of CB-38 in 2011 was somewhat successful.
CB-38 helped to better reveal and clarify the stratigraphy of this area of Civitate B. In the eastern extension of the trench ( Loci 9 , 11 , 12 , and 13 ), excavations reached a depth deeper than the 2010 floor and a new soil while the northern wall of the extension was drawn stratigraphically; this section revealed that beneath topsoil lies a rock feature, beneath which is situated the organic, dark grayish-blue soil previously identified in 2010, and below this is an olive-colored soil ( Locus 13 ) that resembles galestra but contains archaeological materials. The presence of tile and pottery in this soil warrant further investigation.
Unfortunately, not much more was revealed about the organic deposit ( Loci 4 , 10 , 12 ) that was first uncovered in 2010. While we now better understand the stratigraphy of the deposit and new soil samples were taken, no chronologically diagnostic materials were recovered from the deposit, thus making its dating difficult, and we are still unclear about how this deposit functioned in antiquity or how it was deposited in the first place.
The excavation of CB-38 was perhaps most successful but also incomplete with regards to the third goal, clarifying the relationship between the organic deposit of CB 38 and the archaic deposition pit found in CB 39. The stone packing that had first been uncovered in 2010 in the southern meters of the trench ( Loci 3 , 6 ) proved to extend into CB-42 (see CO VI ) and is akin to a similar deposit found in the northern meters of CB-39, which partially overlaid the archaic deposition pit uncovered in that trench (see ARR II ). Excavation of the rock feature partially revealed in CB-38 in CB-42 indicates that the rocks may have served as a capping for some sort of depositional pit datable to the archaic period (see CO VI ). A third similar packing and stratigraphy was uncovered in the eastern extension of CB-38 ( Loci 11 , 12 , 13 ), indicating that this rock packing ( Locus 11 ) may also have served as a capping for a depositional pit. More work will have to be conducted in 2012 to confirm this hypothesis.
CB-38 failed to reveal any evidence of non-elite habitation, although information garnered from the trench suggests that CB-38 was an active area that was used predominantly in the 6 th century BCE, contemporaneously with the large archaic period complex located about 100 meters to the east of CB-38. Further research will have to be conducted in the coming years in order to better understand how this larger area was utilized in antiquity.
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