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Conclusions

NT-1 and T-17

The differentiation of T-17 and NT-1 is a separation of topography as well as stratigraphy.  The area designated as T-17 within this cut extends three meters to the north (grids N-P) of the area excavated by Jeff McCallum and Jim Hare in 1977 within grids 0-5.  The hillside begins to slope steeply down to the north in meter "P"; the area designated North Terrace-1 (NT-1) consists of the steep slope which begins to level off in meter "E" to from a shallow terrace.  The termination of T-17 within "P" was fixed for consistency with the parallel cut NT-2, extending to the north of T-18.

The area of T-17 revealed in this cut must indicate the original northern extent of the plain on which the upper and lower buildings were constructed.  The stone packing, coarse yellow layer and burned layer which occur in grids N and O appear to continue the general aspect represented by J 0-5 ( EN Book II, p252 ).  They overlie a fine-grained yellow soil clean of finds or stone, which presumably represents the original hill surface.

The number and nature of finds recovered from the northern portion of T-17 is considerably less than in the southern portion, along the northern wall of the upper building, suggesting that the stone packing noted in "N" contains the destruction represented by the underlying burned layer.  Aside from the pottery described in the pottery summary, notable finds included a cavetto fragment, a fragment of a banquet frieze plaque, a large terracotta "brick," several lumps of bronze and a well-preserved navicella fibula.  The fragment of the banquet frieze and assorted pottery fragments were the only fins to occur above the burned layer; bronze, finer bucchero and imported pottery all occurred within the most heavily carbonized layer.

The excavatino of J-P 0-1 exposed the upper surfaces of closely packed large stones which slump away from the face of the north-south "wall" exposed in 1977 in J-L 2.  Although no cut was made through the stones further north than "J", removal of the topsoil in 0-1 revealed no western face to the "wall," but only a slump of large stones.

The appearance of the clean yellow soil fairly close to the topsoil layer in NT-1 B-E indicates that this slope has been cleared by erosion.  the upper surface of a dense stone packing characterized by heavy calcite encrustation and free of cementing earth appeared in E-F on line with similar structure encountered and excavated in NT-2.  Bounded to the south by bedrock, the exposure in NT-2 reveals a coarse red earth and rock occurring to the north so that the intervening trench filled with rocks of consistent size appears to represent a man-made fossa.

The solid surface of the packing must support the apparent terrace as well as the concentration of tile and pottery probably carried down by erosion from the hillside above.  Aside from removing several stones from the upper surface of the packing in order to ascertain the structure, the packing was not further excavated in this area.  Following the excavation of the packing in NT-2 down to bedrock with the recovery of only isolated fragments of architectural terracottas, the continuatino of cleaning of the "fossa" was abandoned.

Uncatalogued Finds:

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Suggested Citation

Sarah Leach. "SL I (1978-06-26):44-55; Conclusions from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 22/1993, ID:411". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/documents/2247a0fb-1b2c-4799-a722-3c589a179d5c>

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