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In T-67 the standardmethod of excavation will be as follows. Soil will be picked with the small endof a pickax, broken into clumps, the clumps will be sorted by hand with trowelsinto buckets. The buckets will be removed from the trench and dumped at thedump site, located approximately 10 meters north from the northern baulk wallinto the forest. If the amount of material increases too much to pick axsafely, then trowels will be used to break up the soil.

Any terracottaroofing tile that is undecorated or not a full profile or length will becounted in bowls with an approximate diameter of 30 cm and a maximum depth of 8cm. Once counted and recorded these tiles shall be discarded in a dump locatedapproximately 2 meters from the northern baulk wall. Any bulk ceramics or bonefound will be counted on site and brought down to the magazzino in latte boxes,which are approximately 23x9x6 cm (~1 L), for cleaning and further study.

If any special findsare uncovered their coordinates and elevation will be recorded in relation tothe master grid of the site. A plumbbob will be held over the find and thedistance from the trench boundaries will be measured at right angles in orderto determine the N-S and E-W coordinates.

The elevation will be obtained from astring, which is affixed to the trench datum located on a tree, 1 meter fromthe southern baulk wall of the trench, at 29.18 mAE in relation to the origin. Aline level will be attached to the string to level it as it is extended overthe find, intersecting with a plumbbob line, held over the artifact. Theelevation will then be measured with a ridged tape measure. All coordinates areconnected with the master grid established in 1991 (see TT I, p. 3). Specialfinds are then sketched into the trench book on site and sent down to themagazzino at the end of the day in small containers for cleaning, analysis, andpossible cataloging.

We will beexcavating stratigraphicaly. Close attention will be paid to the soil duringthe excavation in T-67. Any changes in the soil will be noted in the trenchbook and the full extent of the new soil will be found, then a new locus willbe declared, measured, photographed, and recorded. The cleaning of the baulkwalls will occur periodically in order to keep them clean so the stratigraphyof the soil can be clearly seen.

It is important tonote that methods may change as the excavation proceeds, as the types andamounts of material found as well as the geology and topography of the trenchultimately determines

the best excavation approach and method.

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Suggested Citation

Nora K. Donoghue. "NKD I (2014-07-05):11-16; Methodology from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 67/2014, ID:684". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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