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Daily Log Entry for Wednesday, 22 July 2009



Picked entire floor of the trench in 3 passes moving towards the south, each approximately 1 meter long. The pickpass in the northernmost third of the trench revealed a darker, more brown-colored soil in the area of Locus 7 (NW Corner). The soil is much more similar to that in the rest of the trench. Finds throughout all 3 pickpasses included ceramic & terracotta, but no bone. Small (pea-sized) chunks of charcoal were also recovered throughout the entire floor in both loci. Several small (fist-sized or smaller) rocks were recovered. Roots still appear in the floor of the trench as well. The soil in Locus 11 still appears to a brownish olive color, but it does seem to be getting more brown in color in the southern half, so the soil in the trench will be Munselled to confirm if a significant color change is occurring.

After the first pick pass, Munsell readings were taken in 4 different places to confirm if significant color changes are happening. The results, while all slightly different are similar enough to justify closing Locus 7 and declaring a new single locus throughout the entire N half of the trench. Another pickpass will be made through the

entire floor of the trench in order to further elucidate the relationship of the soil in the south half of the trench to that in the north.

Before picking again, the baulk walls were quickly & only partially trimmed, mostly by removing w/ a mini-pick the \x93ledges\x94 of un-picked dirt which accumulates along their bases. Having done that, a second pass along the floor of the whole trench was started, once again in multiple pick passes moving south. First, the northernmost third of the trench was picked, and in the process of doing so, the large rocks near the NE corner were removed. There were tiles under the rocks. Since time did not permit another full pick pass, a second pass was completed along the W baulk, mostly in the area near the remaining rocks of the rock feature & in the area of Locus 7 , which was higher than the rest of the floor.

Munsell Readings from Locus 11 & 7:

1. 2.5 Y 4/3 olive brown (dry)

2.5 Y 3/3 dark olive brown (wet)

2. 5 Y 4/3 olive (dry)

2.5 Y 4/3 olive brown (wet)

3. 10 YR 4/3 brown (dry)

2.5 Y 4/3 olive brown (wet)

4. 2.5 Y 5/3 light olive brown (dry)

2.5 Y 4/4 olive brown (wet)

T-56, Emerging Soil Changes

(see diagram in JRV-II, pg 141)


Continued to pick floor of trench. Picked in the middle meter of the trench & then again in the south, w/ more of the dirt being removed from the area of the rock feature. The pick passes in the middle and south meters of the trench

confirm that the soil is changing in that area. A piece of tarp has appeared in the area of the SE corner, which would indicate that the southern section may still be partially composed of backfill. A piece of modern barbed wire was (Find #1) recovered from the area underneath the rock feature, which, since it was higher than the floor of the trench, and it went into the W baulk, was being excavated as baulk trim. More of the wire was found running into the western baulk. The barbed wire indicates that the rocks in the circular rock feature were some sort of modern intrusions into the trench. Since they lay under Locus 5 , it seems that T-56 intersects not one but 2 other trenches. This is what Tony Tuck thinks. He also feels that the soil under Locus 5 is an older trench, possibly one of the many excavated by Timothy Nolan Gantz, while the backfill in the S half represents another trench. He also thinks that that the N & the N half of the E baulk baulks are still archaeologically secure. For now excavation in T-56 will continue under these assumptions.

Since the soil in the south is definitely lighter than in the N half of the trench, new

loci will be declared soon: one for the N half of the trench, one for the rock fill w/ barbed wire (formerly called the circular rock feature) and one for S half of the trench. Students tried to determine the relationship of the soil in the N&S w/ trowels and the baulks were partially trimmed again in preparation for opening photos.


Locus 7: 6 pcs ceramic

9 pcs terracotta

Locus 11: 2/3 bowl terracotta

ca \xbd large (2 liter) Latte box ceramic

3 pcs bone

Baulk Trim: 1/3 bowl terracotta

\xbd Latte box ceramic

6 pcs bone

Find #1

Modern Barbed Wire (3 pcs)

Locus 11 /Baulk Trim

\xa7 143 cm BD = 27.57 m abs elev

136.42 E, 38.69 S

\xa7 141 cm BD = 27.59 m abs elev

136.50 E, 39.19 S


-co-ordinates & elevations of soil samples for Munsell readings


1. 141 cm BD = 27.59 m abs elev

2. 149 cm BD = 27.51 m abs elev

3. 145 cm BD = 27.55 m abs elev

4. 145 cm BD = 27.55 m abs elev


1. 136.51 E, 38.38 S

2. 137.41 E, 38.87 S

3. 137.33 E, 40.31 S

4. 136.62 E, 40.17 S

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Suggested Citation

Joseph R. Vansuch. "JRV II (2009-07-22):137-148; Daily Log Entry for Wednesday, 22 July 2009 from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 56/2009, ID:616/Locus 7". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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