Open Context

Pottery Summary cont.

219

Locus 12

Coarseware:

Rims

Drawings

No diagnostic bases, handles, tondos

Impasto:

Rims

Bases

Handles

Tondos

Fine Impasto:

Rims

Bases

Tondos

Bucchero: No bucchero

Locus 13

Coarseware

Rims

Bases

Handles

No tondos

Impasto:

Rims

Bases

Handles

Tondos

Fine Impasto:

Rims

Bases

Handles

Tondos

Bucchero:

Rims

Bases

Handles

Tondos

Locus 14

Coarseware:

Rims

No bases, handles, tondos

Impasto:

Rims

Bases

No handles or tondos

Fine Impasto:

Rims

Tondos

No bases, handles

Bucchero:

Rims

No bases, handles, tondos

No diagnostic pottery for Loci 15 , 16

Baulk Trim

Coarseware:

Rims

Bases

Handles

No tondos

Impasto:

Rims

Bases

Handles

Tondos

Fine Impasto:

Rims

Tondos

No bases, handles

Bucchero:

Rims

Handles

Tondos

No bases

Pottery Analysis

In the 2008 excavation season, T-48 yielded a great deal of pottery. In all loci, with the exception of Locus 15, impasto was by far the most common type of pottery recovered. In addition, a fair amount of coarseware and a large amount of fine impasto were found in T-48. Furthermore, although it is the least common pottery type, a relatively large amount of bucchero was found in T-48 this season; the amount of bucchero recovered in 2008 (938 sherds, 11.90% of the total amount of pottery found) is significantly more than the amount found in the 2007 season (34 sherds, 1.25% of the total amount of pottery found).

Virtually all of the pottery found in T-48 this season came from Loci 11 , 12 , and 13 . For the purposes of pottery analysis here, Loci 11 and 12 will be conflated, for these soils are identical; Loci 11 and 12 are two separate loci only because Locus 12 existed in an area of the trench where a sounding was conducted at the end of the 2007 season. Loci 11 and 12 were comprised of a brown, claylike, extremely mottled soil that contained many inclusions of rock, carbon, and terracotta. The soil in fact appears red due to the high quantity of terracotta inclusions. Approximately 18% of all pottery found in T-48 this season was recovered from these

two loci. Both loci contained mostly impasto, although a fair amount of both coarseware and fine impasto was recovered from each of these two loci, although bucchero was found only in Locus 11 . Notably, in both Loci 11 and 12 , many large pithoi fragments were found, including some large, flaring rims. Based on the projected diameter of these rims, these pithoi would have had diameters of approximately 40cm.

By far, the vast majority of the pottery found this season was recovered from Locus 13 , which was a claylike, very dark gray, carbon rich soil. Locus 13 contained vast quantities of pottery, as well as bone and metal, although hardly any roofing tile or plaster fragments were found in this locus; nearly 70% of the pottery found this season in T-48 came from Locus 13 . The most common type of pottery found in this locus was impasto, although large amounts of coarseware and fine impasto were also recovered, including a number of Italo-Corinthian pottery sherds. Notably, Locus 13 contained a relatively large amount of bucchero, much of which was incised or stamped.

Once the dark gray, Locus 13 soil was removed, hardly any more pottery was found in T-48. Loci 14 and 16 , which are in fact the same olive green soil and so shall be analyzed together, yielded only 114 sherds of pottery.

Also, beneath this olive green soil, galestra was found; the galestra was designated Locus 15 . One sherd of pottery was found in Locus 15 , although this was found along the southern baulk wall, in the first pick pass of the locus, and so it seems probable that this sherd eroded out of the baulk wall. All other pick passes of the locus revealed that this soil was completely sterile.

A good amount of datable pottery was found in T-48 during the 2008 season, which consists of Italo-Corinthian pottery and decorated bucchero. From Locus 11 , two sherds of Italo-Corinthian pottery were found ( 20080006

20080006
and 20080009
20080009
), while in Locus 13 , nine cataloged sherds of Italo-Corinthian pottery were recovered. These sherds come from at least three different vessels, one aryballos, two oinochoe and other unidentified vessels. The aryballos fragments are 20080107
20080107
, 20080110
20080110
, 20080119
20080119
, and 20080137
20080137
, while the oinochoe sherds are 20080106
20080106
, 20080121
20080121
, and 20080135
20080135
. Also, 20080136
20080136
and 20080148
20080148
come from unidentified vessel types.

Additonally, many incised, stamped, or otherwise decorated sherds of bucchero were found in T-48, which may also be datable. From Loci 11 and 12 , two fragments of fluted bucchero ( 20080091

20080091
, 20080139
20080139
), two sherds of incised bucchero ( 20080040
20080040
, 20080090
20080090
), and one sherd

of stamped bucchero were found ( 20080048

20080048
), as well as a buchero strut that would have supported a chalice ( 20080019
20080019
) and the tondo and rim of another bucchero vessel ( 20080213
20080213
). In Locus 13 , one cataloged sherd of incised bucchero ( 20080124
20080124
) and eight cataloged sherds of stamped bucchero were recovered ( 20080089
20080089
, 20080108
20080108
, 20080114
20080114
, 20080125
20080125
, 20080131
20080131
, 20080141
20080141
, 20080146
20080146
, 20080209
20080209
).

Property or Relation Value(s)
Temporal Coverage
[Standard: Dublin Core Terms]
Editorial Note

Open Context editors work with data contributors to annotate datasets to shared vocabularies, ontologies, and other standards using 'Linked Open Data' (LOD) methods.

The annotations presented above approximate some of the meaning in this contributed data record to concepts defined in shared standards. These annotations are provided to help make datasets easier to understand and use with other datasets.

Suggested Citation

Katharine R. Kreindler. "KRK III (2008-08-01):219-252; Pottery Summary cont. from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 48/2008, ID:599". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/documents/327d3884-9644-45ca-9151-e7ce50034cc3>

Editorial Status

●●●○○
Managing editor reviewed

Part of Project

Murlo

Mapping Data

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