The area west of the monumental buildings, comprising of the Civitate A and Piano del Tesoro properties, has been explored in recent years to better understand the relationship of the elite residents with the non-elites that must have aided in constructing the monumental buildings. Civitate A has been continually excavated since 1991 when several features were discovered while establishing a master grid system for the site of Poggio Civitate.
In the western area of Civitate A several roasting pits (CA 33- JB I & JB III ), an archaic period well (CA 42- JBB II , LS I , & MG II ), and several Iron Age lenses (CA 36 JB IV , TT IV ; CA 55- CO II ; CA 62- AEG I ) were excavated during the 90s and 00s. These discoveries provided motivation to excavators to extend work into the surrounding area in order to clarify the relationship of these features to each other and the monumental complex to the east.
Trenches continued to be opened moving east back towards the Archaic complex along the Medieval Road in an attempt to further clarify previous discoveries. During the 2012 and 2013 seasons, open excavations were conducted in Civitate A in an area that had initially revealed a linear packing of rocks in trenches CA 70 and 71 ( AAF II & CGL I ). CA 72 and 73 ( ARR IV & AEG VI ) were placed along the eastern baulk and CA 74, CA 80, and CA 83 ( CAC I , CLP I , & KRK VI ) was placed to the west. CA 78 and CA 82 ( AJC V & RDC I ) was placed north of CA 73, while CA 76, CA 77, CA 79 ( LHS II , EC X , & EMO IV ) were placed south of CA 72. These trenches all revealed several distinct thin lines of rocks that could have supported partitions for screens. Through CA 78, 73, 72, and 76 a partially preserved foundation indicating a possible light frame building was also found. From CA 82 through CA 79 a possible retaining wall was also uncovered.
Additionally a large amount of waste products from metal production and bone carving were recovered (see - Antler working surface, - Forno, - Slag as examples). This combination of materials and rock features has lead excavators to believe that the area served both as non-elite domiciles and workshop.
During the 2014 season, excavations were extended further east into the Piano del Tesoro property zone, towards the Archaic Complex. In this area the original excavators of Poggio Civitate dropped several exploratory test trenches. While most of them were quickly abandoned when no substantial architecture or architectural terracotta was revealed, several of these trenches did uncover a large amount of decorative terracotta intentionally dumped into a lens (CA 2- BH II , CA 24- BB I , & CA 28- EN I ). This deposit seems to be associated with the destruction of Archaic period complex and the scattering of the decorative material from the roofing structure. It was during the limited excavations in this
area that more linear rock packings were uncovered. While the use of most of them remain unclear, in T-57 ( AJC VI ) a linear packing of stones was uncovered that ran diagonally from the northwest to the southeastern corners of the trench. During excavations it was noticed that the stones had a series of coursings under the exposed top layer. The stones were approximately 1 to 1.2 meters in width and run roughly parallel to a linear rock feature in T-59 ( KRK VII ) that is roughly 5.7 meters south. Exploring and better understanding the possible wall feature will be the primary reason for returning to the Tesoro west area in 2015.
T-73 is a 4x2 meter trench that will be placed along the western half of northern baulk wall of T-57 in an attempt to further clarify features uncovered in 2014.
- To explore the area immediately to the north of T-57 and reveal any new architectural features, stratigraphy, and topographic information that will help clarify the features found.
2. To recover dateable material from a secure context in relation to the features in the area
|Property or Relation||Value(s)|
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