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Continued excavation of T-26 from 1982 through 1984 resulted in the discovery of a building 46.6 m long with three rows of large, stone column bases and a terracotta mortar floor. Over this floor and just outside the building's perimeters artifacts of bronze, ivory, bone, and terracotta (together with a most remarkable fineware "dump") in various stages of completion were found. These in combination with the building's physical and temporal proximity to the Upper and Lower Buildings further support the hypothesis that it served as a workshop area for one and/or both. Unfired cover tiles, apparently laid out to become leather-hard strongly suggest the presence of a kiln nearby.

The area chosen for T-27 lies along the south slope from T-26. Triangulated from column bases in T-26 it corresponds roughly to the East West number grids in T-26 (see MT. II p. 77 , & ) running in a line perpendicular to the length of T-26 (see AC. III p. 18). This area was considered most likely to yield a kiln for the following reasons:

  • It lies on an almost direct line just down the slope from the unfired covertiles in T-26. It is felt that heavy, unfired tiles would most probably

  • be carried the shortest distance possible. (In the event that the tractor path connecting T-26 at approximately gamma-delta/72-74 disturbed the underlying stratigraphy, the area slightly west was chosen.)
  • A kiln would probably have been built on a slope with good air flow. The air flow in this area comes up this south slope and then over Piano del Tesoro. Additionally, no kilns were found to either the north or west but instead huge dry moats filled with rock. Nothing was found to the east.
  • The area of the south slope designated T-27 will be excavated in 1985 to the following ends:

    1. To attempt to locate a kiln or kilns belonging to the South Building phase thereby further characterizing the area as a workshop.
    2. To continue to recover all artifacts associated with the South Building in particular and the site in general.
    3. To further define the ancient stratigraphy of the south slope including:
      • possible dump sites

      • any continuation (or destruction debris) of the defense wall found in T-25
      • a defensive moat similar to those found to the north and west

    For further information see:


    • All depth measurements will be taken in centimeters from the existing ground line.
    • Cassette of tile, boxes of bone, boxes of pottery shall be counted as follows: [by talley marks]
    • One tile cassetta measures ~ 50 X 30 X 10 cm
    • One pottery box measures ~ 10 X 10 X 8 cm fo a "strawberry box" or 8 X 9 X 10 cm for a "latte" container.

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    Suggested Citation

    Abbey Collins. "AC III (1985-06-13):1-15; Introduction from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 27/1988, ID:144". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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