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Stratigraphy and Conclusions: T-22 (A-M/52-54)

Three basic layers constitute the stratigraphy for T-22 ( see profile A-M52-54, p. 104 ).  A layer of topsoil overlies a fine-grained, sandy yellow soil, which rest upon a dark brown layer mixed with considerable carbon.  Heavy tile concentrations intervene between topsoil and sandy soil in meters B-C and G-H.  Bedrock appears immediately beneath the burned layer, sloping to the south in meters A-C, while the fine-grained yellow earth assumed to be virgin soil underlies the burned layer in meters D-G at a depth of approximately 1.40 m.  Cuts 1, 2, and 3 are roughly consistent with the topsoil, sand soil/tile and burned layers respectively.

The topsoil and sandy soil are basically clean layers and the occasional finds noted for the sandy soil come near the contact wih the burned layer or near tile concentrations.  Due to

the heavy concentration of carbon, the thrid layer evidence a fire of some sort, although whether this should be connected with the destruction of the upper building or if the upper building was even standing at the time of the fire is not clear.

Despite the fact that the evidence of burning continues throughout the trench, the majority of finds from the level appear in a section between seven and twelve meters south of the southern wall of the upper building (meters G-K).  Withing this area were found the boar's head, the terracotta block with meander impression, thought ot be a type of lateral sima, a fragment of volute akroteria, the ear of a lateral sima lion head waterspout, and several poossible statue fragments.  In addition, fragments of glass, ivory, and bronze, and thrree pots with complete profiles were found in this area.

Approximately ten centimeters of earth were left

against the wall of the upper building in meter A as a protection for the wall, so it is not possible to determine precisely what is the realtion between the stratum and wall.  It does not seem, however, that the burned stratum represents a destruction level for the upper building, since the layer of snady soil intervenes between it and the tile concentrations at meters B-C and F-H.  Rather, it appears that the are was burned-could this instead be connected with the destruction of the structure uncovered in T-21?- and then covered with the sandy soil.  The tile concentrations would then be caused by the collapse of the walls of the upper building, probably a mechanical destruction, as the tiles do not themselves appear burned.

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Suggested Citation

Sarah Leach. "SL I (1978-07-27):110-115; Stratigraphy and Conclusions: T-22 (A-M/52-54) from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 22/1993, ID:411". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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