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Pottery Summary T-26 1990

T-26 meters K-L-M(N)/63-70 produced a representative sample of known wares and shapes.  No abnormal or unrecognizable ceramin material was recovered.

The density of pottery encountered thoughout the excavated strat were very similar to those of T-26 1989. (see NM Book II, p.285 ).  Minimal amounts of pottery were present throughout the humun and surface soil to 30cm below surface.

Densities steadily increased below 30cm in meters K-L-M/69-70 with particularly heavy concentrations in M/69.  Ceramic recovery was generally low throughout tje pithos and tile concentration in these meters from 90-120cm below surface.  At this depth the heavy concentration was present again.

The ceramic densities encountered in meters K.N/63-64 were slightly different.  Significant amounts of pottery were recovered from these meters below 35cm, with the exception of K/63, which was devoid of material at this level.  Overall K/64 produced more ceramic material than contiguous meters.  At 45-55cm below surface in meters M-N/63-64 the concentrations were especially high.

It should be mentioned that the baulk of meters K-L-M/65 contained a relatively high density of sherds below 65cm.  Also, it seems that fine wares such as bucchero and high fire redware appear below 1 meter depth.

The types/wares of pottery encountered include: coarseware, impasto, bucchero, buccheroid, orangeware, redware, greyware, and creamware.  The attribution of these names to the ceramic material is subjective and therefore necessitates brief definitions.

1)coarseware: heavy walls with large inclusions, seldom decorated or preserving finished surface.

2)impasto: a range of colors, often slipped, better levigated than coarseware.

3)bucchero:characteristically etruscan ceramic with varying thickness, but always well levigated and black through complete biscuit section.

4) buccheroid: as above, except cross-section of biscuit is not completely black.

5) orangeware: best explained as aa color division, levigation has very wide range, seldom slipped.

6)redware: a very well levigated, high fired version of orangeware.

7) greyware: again, a color division/definition, cross-section completely grey as is surface.

8)creamware: very well levigated, soft, powdery surface, color ranges from yellow to soft pink.

*at this point, the pottery has not been boxed, but laid out by meter for study next year.

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Suggested Citation

Nathan Meyer. "NM IIIa (1990-08-01):19-29; Pottery Summary T-26 1990 from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 26/1990, ID:137". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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