Open Context

30 July 2010

30 July 2010


Severe storms and rainfall overnight delayed the start of the morning; as did the morning rain. Once the weather cleared and the trench was deemed dry enough to commence, opening elevations were taken.

Opening elevations:

NW- 30.0m AE

29.99m AE

SE- 30.05m AE

SW- 29.98m AE

Center- 30.01m AE

The first pick pass began in the middle 2 meters of the trench, again working west to east. Because of the rain the soil is very wet in comparison to yesterday. That said, the yellow-ish soil found in the SW corner is beginning to be seen across the trench. This new locus, likely soon to be declared locus 2 , is sandier than the claylike brown soil above it. We will finish the pick pass of the entire trench in order to expose the new soil in its entirety and then scrape back the entire surface with trowels.

Near the northern wall, particularly east of the larger stump larger rocks have been found with pieces of terra cotta in situ. This area will be investigated further with a pick pass and trowels to see the soil and extent of the possible feature. Scraping showed again patches of our new yellow soil, which is sandy in places and more claylike in others, typically in areas unprotected and therefore moistened by the rain, we will pick the eastern wall meter, which is the highest and most covered in the brown clay soil, and then continue picking and sorting to expose a potentially new locus. It is uncertain as of now if the sandy yellow soil and claylike soil are the same, different or perhaps the transition of one to another. We will continue picking to further our understanding.


We started the afternoon by picking western half of the trench. We picked lightly unless it was a bump or a

high point
in order to level the trench. We are trying o get a good look at the horizontal stratigraphy. We still have not located uniform soil change but hope to make a conclusion after finishing this pick pass and then scrapping the floor. It still appears that a yellow

sandy soil is below the brown claylike topsoil. After sorting the pick pass it is apparent that the sandy yellow soil has been found in the southwest corner throughout the middle of the trench and under the root in the southeast corner. The soil under the roots in the southeast corner also seems more like galestra and is very flaky. There are some rocks and terra cotta chunks visible on the surface along the northern most meter of the trench. We will pick throughout the entire trench again. We will focus on areas where the brown clay soil is more prevalent which is usually higher in elevation than the yellow sandy soil. We will pick lightly throughout the rest of the trench and avoid areas where rocks or larger terra cotta pieces are visible. Throughout the two pick passes completed today there has been some terra cotta and a few pottery sherds. After completing the last pick pass the yellow flaky soil is prominent in the southern 2/3 rd of the trench. There are still spots of darker brown

soil especially in the northern most meter. After the pick pass we removed some stumps. Light troweling of the rocks and terra cotta in the northern meter defined them but not find many more. There location in the mostly brown soil is also located next to a large stump so bioturbation may be the reason for the location and grouping of the rocks and terra cotta. This is where most of the pottery has been found, especially in the northwest corner. We finished the day scraping the trench flat, trimming baulk walls and clipping roots. Closing elevations were taken.

Closing elevations:

NW- 29.91m AE

29.77m AE

SW- 29.88m AE

SE- 29.87m AE

Center- 29.85m AE


Special finds: none

Locus 1 :

  • Terra Cotta and plaster- 1 bowl
  • Potter- 33 sherds
  • Bone- none
Property or Relation Value(s)
Temporal Coverage
[Standard: Dublin Core Terms]
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Suggested Citation

Kelsey E. Hallerman, Taylor M. Oshan. "KEH/TMO II (2010-07-30):29-37; 30 July 2010 from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Civitate B/Civitate B 40/2010, ID:630/Locus 1". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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