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Conclusion

The primary aim of the excavation of CA79 was to investigate an area in which potential architectural features had been discovered in the 2012 field season. The secondary objectives were to clarify the ancient use of Civitate A and to illuminate the chronological range of these apparent architectural features. During the process of excavation significant progress was made in answering these questions.

The topmost loci of the trench (Loci 1 and 2 ) were clearly erosional layers. They included modern and ancient tile, worn ancient and medieval pottery, as well as some occasional modern materials, such as transparent glass. Locus 3 in contrast produced materials mainly consistent with other artefacts recovered from the seventh century BC occupation of Poggio Civitate. Locus 3 also contained a linear rock-feature running roughly north-south through CA79.

It was following this discovery that it was decided to extend CA79 in order to determine if this feature extended further south. With this the upper most loci (Loci 4 and 5 ) of the extension contained similarly chronologically-mixed artefact types to those recovered from Loci 1 and 2 . Locus 6 of the extension contained a near identical set of material types to those from Locus 3. It too revealed a rock feature. However, in this instance the feature contained small stones (c. 5-10cm in size) with no discernable shape, other than it ran in a roughly east-west direction. This feature continued west into CA77.

Following this Locus 7 was declared across the extension, however, little excavation was undertaken here. Loci 8 , 9 , and 10 then concentrated on different areas of the trench and its potential separate features.

Locus 8 was the area immediately to the west of the north-south linear stone feature. Locus 9 consisted of the stone features in the trench, both the north-south linear rock feature and the east-west one from the south of the trench. In both Locus 8 and 9 very little materials were recovered, however, pottery and tile that was unveiled was very well preserved and sometimes in large pieces. Locus 10 was situated directly to the east of the north-south linear rock feature. It also revealed another linear rock feature running directly east-west and forming a right-angle with the original linear feature. This appears to have been the south-west corner of an architectural structure. Concurrent excavations in CA76, CA72 EXT and CA71 EXT support this hypothesis. Within this possible architectural feature little excavation was undertaken. A large number of charcoal pieces of considerable

size (1-2cms) were recovered, as well as pottery. Furthermore, the soil in Locus 10 appeared to be compacted and a concentration of materials (tile and pottery) was visible on its surface. It was tentatively concluded that to the north and east of the linear-rock features in Locus 10 lay a floor surface of the architectural feature and further excavation was not undertaken in order to preserve its integrity. Excavations in neighbouring trenches at the equivalent locus recovered artefacts that place the chronological range of this floor surface to between 675 and 625 BC ( 20130145 20130145 ).

Therefore, excavations in CA79 were highly successful for the 2013 season. In sum the area immediately to the east of the trenches excavated in the 2013 season are worthy of further exploration. It would also be intriguing to return to CA79

and section through the apparent floor surface to investigate potential earlier activity of this area of Poggio Civitate.

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Suggested Citation

Eóin M. O'Donoghue. "EMO IV (2013-08-02):173-181; Conclusion from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Civitate A/Civitate A79/2013, ID:664". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/documents/53999961-32c8-4443-8181-ecfc565bf09b>

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