Open Context

Bone Summary

Bone Summary

Locus

Bone Total

Percentage

11

362

6.33%

12

24

0.42%

13

4404

77.05%

14

54

0.94%

15

1

0.02%

16

1

0.02%

Baulk Trim

870

15.22%

Total Bone: 5716 pieces

A large quantity of bone was recovered from T-48 in the 2008 excavation season, especially when compared with the amount of bone recovered during the 2007 excavation season; in 2008, 5716 pieces of bone were found, while in 2007, only 667 pieces were recovered. All of the bone found in T-48 was animal bone, most of which was either sheep, pig, or possibly some cinghiale bones. Additionally, most of the bone was unworked or preserved no evidence of butchering. However, some notable examples of butchered and decorative bone were found, which will be discussed in greater detail below.

While all loci contained some bone, certain loci contained very little. Locus 14 yielded only 54 pieces, while in both Loci 15 and 16 , only one piece of bone was found in each locus. Locus 16 in fact proved to be

sterile, and this one piece of bone was found along the southern baulk wall and almost surely eroded out from the baulk.

Loci 11 and 12 , which shall be considered together here for the purpose of analysis (see Locus 11 and Locus 12 summaries) did not produce a large quantity of bone, but many noteworthy, decorative, incised pieces of bone were found in these two loci. One fragment preserving part of the dress of an incised bone figurine ( 20080010

20080010
), four incised bone fragments with unidentified patterns ( 20080015
20080015
, 20080016
20080016
, 20080017
20080017
, 20080095
20080095
), two incised bone fragments with simple, linear incisions ( 20080013
20080013
, 20080032
20080032
), three bone plaque fragments incised with a guilloche pattern ( 20080011
20080011
, 20080012
20080012
, 20080043
20080043
), one piece of bone with a possible incised wing ( 20080031
20080031
), and a bone bead ( 20080042
20080042
) were all recovered from Loci 11 and 12 . Additionally, seven pieces of butchered or cut bone were found in Loci 11 and 12 and one piece was cataloged as a representative sample ( 20080155 ).

The vast majority of bone recovered from T-48 in 2008 came from Locus 13 , a dark gray, carbon rich soil that contained large quantities of ceramics and bone. Most of the bone recovered from Locus 13 was unworked, however many pieces of butchered bone were found. It was decided to

catalog a representative sample of these butchered or cut pieces of bone ( 20080059

20080059
, 20080154
20080154
, 20080156
20080156
, 20080184
20080184
, 20080196 , 20080201
20080201
). No decorative pieces of worked bone were recovered from Locus 13 .

Property or Relation Value(s)
Temporal Coverage
[Standard: Dublin Core Terms]
Editorial Note

Open Context editors work with data contributors to annotate datasets to shared vocabularies, ontologies, and other standards using 'Linked Open Data' (LOD) methods.

The annotations presented above approximate some of the meaning in this contributed data record to concepts defined in shared standards. These annotations are provided to help make datasets easier to understand and use with other datasets.

Suggested Citation

Katharine R. Kreindler. "KRK III (2008-08-02):253-258; Bone Summary from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 48/2008, ID:599". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/documents/5edd078f-1683-43e0-8579-a98ab7d5bd8f>

Editorial Status

●●●○○
Managing editor reviewed

Part of Project

Murlo

Mapping Data

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