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Introduction

Introduction

Civitate A is the area to the north of the main road leading to Piano del Tesoro, which comprises a large section of the north slope of the hill.  While excavation has taken place here previously, it was the discovery of metal roasting pits and a number of pieces of copper slag found in CA 33 during the 1990 season that renewed interest in the area (See JB I and JB III).  Following this discovery, in 1991, a number of trenches were excavated in the Civitate A area.  CA 37 contained what appeared to be an intentional deposit containing full profiles of both coarseware and impasto vessels (see TTI).  CA 36, begun in the 1991 season and continued in the 1993 season, revealed an intentional deposit that contained full profiles of coil made pottery and a bronze fibula that was capped by an intentional deposit of stones.  The material from this trench, specifically the fibula and the handmade ceramics, suggest an earlier date for this deposit than that associated with Piano del Tesoro to the east (see JB IV and TT IV).  Furthermore, during excavation on Civitate A in 1997, an Archaic

period well was discovered (see JBB II, LS I, and MG II).  During excavation of the area surrounding the well in 1998 another intentional deposit with a diamond shaped stone capping was discovered in CA 42N (see MG II).

Excavations continued in the Civitate A area in 2007 (CA 55) to further explore the deposits discovered in 1993. A comparable stone capping feature and the same carbon included soil found in CA 36 was uncovered in CA 55, along with some bronze and iron made items and handmade ceramics. In the 2009 season two additional trenches (CA 61 and CA 62) were excavated with the intention of further exploring these deposits. CA 61 (see CO III) revealed what appeared to be a deposit of erosional material, while CA 62 (see AEG I) uncovered what appeared to be another stone capping feature. Again in this, the 2010 season, four more trenches (CA 63, CA 64, CA 65, and CA 66) were opened in order to explore the area immediately around CA 36 and CA 42N. As a result of recovering a limited amount of material in CA 63 and CA 66 it has been decided to open up three trenches south of the forne discovered in CA 33.

Excavation of CA 69 will take place in the area to the south of CA33. CA 67 and CA 68 are also located in the same area and excavations of all three will

take place concurrently. All three trenches are located to the south of CA 33 between the main road leading to Piano del Tesoro and the \x91medieval' footpath just to the south of CA 33. The road is considerably higher than the path, and it is hoped that these trenches, excavated on a slope, will reveal the presence of additional roasting pits or forne dug into the slope of the hill, or uncover evidence of other manufacturing, or associated activity, in the vicinity of the roasting pits in CA 33. It is hoped that the compacted gravel substructure of the path will have prevented at least some of the erosion that is common on this part of Poggio Civitate, thus preserving some intact contexts associated with ancient activity.

The goals for CA 69 for the 2010 season are:

1) To explore the possibility of further metal working in the area associated with the forne in CA 33.

2) To investigate other potential industry in the area at the time of the use of the forne.

3) To explore the possibility of habitation in relation to the deposits found in CA 36 and CA 55,

and the vicinity adjacent to the Archaic period well (CA 42).

4) To gain a better understanding of the topography of the Civitate A area.

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Suggested Citation

Eóin M. O'Donoghue. "EMO I (2010-07-10):3-9; Introduction from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Civitate A/Civitate A 69/2010, ID:632". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/documents/673c8df1-1113-4a79-b6b6-b9fbe4cd3726>

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Murlo

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