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Pottery Summary

Pottery Summary CA33 1990

  • Impasto: 68%
    • Heavy 50%
    • Medium 40%
    • Fine 10%
  • Coarseware: 25%
    • Heavy 40%
    • Medium 60%
  • Orangeware: 10%
  • Creamware: 5%

Impasto

Heavy and Medium 95% body fragments

Lips: 2 boxes (3/4 of a casetta)

Bases: 1 box

Handles: 1 box

Impasto: Fine

Lips: one quarter of a box

Bases: no base fragements

95% body fragments (1 box)

Handles: 3 fragments

Coarseware:  Medium - one half cassetta 90% body fragments

Lips:

Bases:

Handles:

Orangeware 95% body fragments

Lips:

Bases:

Handles:

Creamware  98% body fragments (1 box)

Lips:  no lip fragments

Bases: no base fragments

Handles: 1 handle fragment

Summary

The ceramic material recovered during excavations in CA33 for the 1990 season consisted of sixty percent impasto, twenty five percent coarseware, ten percent oragneware and five percent creamware.  Notably only a single fragment of fineware, a piece of moulded bucchero, was discovered in the trench.  The attribution of these designations to the ceramic material is somewhat subjective.  Therefore, a system of standard definitions has been developed to facilitate their identification:  (see N. Meyer Book IIIa 1990 p. 19 )

1.  Coarseware:  heavy walls with large inclusions, seldom decorated or preserving finished surface.  Coarseware may also be further divided into heavy, medium and fine gauges for more precise classification

2.  Impasto: a range of colors, often slipped, better levigated tan coarseware.  Impasto, like coarseware, may also be further divided into heavy, medium, and fine gauges.

3.  Orangeware:  Best explained as a color division - levigation has very wide range, seldom slipped.

4.  Creamware: very well levigated, soft powdery surface, color ranges from yellow to soft pink.

5.  Bucchero: characteristically Etruscan ceramic, generally of a high fire, of varying thickness, but always well levigated and black througout biscuit section.

The densities of pottery encountered througout the excavated area can be summarized as follows.  Minimal amounts of pottery were recovered from the humus and topsoil layers - generally to a depth of ca. 20-30 cm.

The heaviest concentrations of pottery were encountered in two areas: the area of ceramic "scatter" in meters H/13-14 (see JBI, esp p. 169 , 177 -181); and in the burn soil and rock concentration in meters J-K/14-16.  On the other hand, a relatively small amount of ceramic material was discovered in the "kiln/oven" in meters H-I/11-13.  The two areas of heavy ceramic concentration, moreover, would both appear to constitute areas of "dump" or fill material.  This conclusino is based on the following observations:

(1) The ceramic material recovered from both areas, and in fact from the trench as a whole, was generally in very poor condition.  Most of the pottery was heavily worn, extremely fragmentary and produced few if any joins.  In addition,

(2) a large percentage of the material was burned, particulary that recovered from meters J-K/14-16.  Finally, (3) the ceramic material in both areas of concentration was deposited in such a way so as to indicate that it formed a secondary depostion of destruction material.  This fact, moreover, is particularly notable in relation to the material from J-K/14-16, which appears to hae been deposited in a pit or midden.  A relatively large amount of pithoi and heavy coarseware fragments were also recovered from CA33 (1 cassetta).  Moreover, in contrast to much of the other ceramic material from the trench, most of the pithoi fragments were well preserved and consisted of large pieces.

Because of the highly important nature of CA33, it was decided to save all of the ceramic material from the trench.  The pottery, therefore, was broken down and boxed for further study.  See J. Berkin Book III, 1990, CA33, Representative Boxes 3 and 4.  In addition, the pithoi and heavy coarseware fragments were stored in a separate box, labeled CA33 1990, Pithoi and Coarseware Fragments.

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Suggested Citation

Jon Berkin. "JB III (1990-07-29):96-117; Pottery Summary from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Civitate A/Civitate A 33/1991, ID:198". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/documents/6e31e97f-91ef-47da-829f-902835a8ed8f>

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