Open Context


Agger 10 consisted of an east-west cut through the agger south of the western end of the Upper Building.  The trench was 8m. by 11m. and lay parallel to and 6m. south of the southern foundations of the upper Building.  The cut extended beyond the western boundary line of the Upper Building by 2m. (designated A and B), almost up to the eastern boundary of the fossa.  Thus the trench lies directly west of the area of the well (trench 15) and east of the fossa (CA 24).

See plan, page 2

Two parallel walls running north-south were uncovered in Agger 10:...

... 1) Wall (1) was originally thought to be capping stone for the fossa, but when excavated it revealed a vertical eastern face, previously an approximate height of 1.20 m., extending through grids G-N 1.

Neither the western face nor the base were excavated, so it is not yet possible to determine the width or preserved height of this wall.  It is constructed of small, tightly-packed, chipped rocks with dirt between.  The eastern face appears to be battered, suggesting the possibility of some sort of fortification wall.  The wall is located along the same north-south line as the inner face of the north-south wall foundations along the western end of the Upper Building.  It will be necessary to excavate this wall further both to the north and south in order to determine...

...its extent.          See plan p. 106 , pp. -

2)  The second north-south wall lies in grids G-N 3, parallel to wall (1), and is located in the approximate bottom middle of the agger.  Its width is approximately 1.10 m. and it is preserved to a height of approximately 1 m.+ in grids G-J 3.  In grids K-N 3, only the foundations are preserved, but its original height can be seen in the...

...east-west profile of grids N/O 3-4 (see pages - ).  The profile and photographs (see page 108 ) show how this wall fell down towards the east.  This wall is constructed of chipped rocks of various sizes with the larger rocks placed along the outer edges and smaller ones filling the middle.  The construction is not very firm, with holes and much loose dirt between the rocks.  This wall will also have to be excavated further to the north and south to determine its extant and relationship to the Upper Building.

[ ]

A small, irregular pile of rocks was discovered in grids G-J 5-7; these stones were left in place.  They probably, however, are either rocks which have fallen from wall (2), or agger-fill rocks.

[ ]


See profile, pages -

1) Topsoil

The top of the agger was covered with a thin layer of black humus which gradually became thicker towards the bottom of the agger slopes, esp. grids A-B and 6-8.  This stratum...

...contained chipped rocks and a few, very worn tile fragments.

2) Agger Fill

The agger itself was filled with a light yellowish soil, over 1.50 m. deep in the center of the agger (ie: grids G-N 2).  In this stratum were located the very large boulders filling the agger esp. in grids G-N 4-5.  This stratum contained scattered tile fragments as well as some archetectural terracotta fragments.

3) Light Brown Soil with Tiles [mmm.... sounds tasty -editor's note-]

This stratum is located below the agger fill both between the two wall foundations and at a slightly lower level to the east of wall (2).  This stratum contains small stones and more tile and architectural terracotta...

...fragments; also much of the bronze was found here.

4) Tan Soil

Another light soil stratum was partially excavated at the bottom of the trench, primarily between the two walls, to an approximate level of +27.96.  Here were found some possibly earlier pottery shards (eg: p. 101 # 26 and p. 153 # 29) as well as more bronze fragments.


1)  Architectural Terracottas

Finds consisted primarily of frieze plaque fragments and sima fragments; a few possible statue fragments were also found.  All four frieze plaque...

...types were found in this cut with the majority being Banquet (27 fragments); the other three types were approximately equally numerous (Procession - 9 fragments; Horse Race - 7 fragments; Seated Figures - 12 fragments).  Among the fieze plaque fragments, joins were made from Banquet pieces found up to 6 m. apart ( 19730112

) and from Seated Figures found .5 m. apart ( 19730148
).  All recognizable frieze plaque fragments were catalogued; all other frieze plaque fragments (guilloche and cavetto), as well as sima fragments and misc. fragments were placed in a sassetta labelled - Agger 10, Architectural fragments.

2) Pottery

Much coarse pottery was found here, but few complete profiles except for two miniature bowls ( 19730194

and 19730200

...Some bucchero shards, a few painted shards, and many joining fragments from a tri-foil mouth oinochoe with incised decoration were also found.

Cassette stored in magasino:

(1) Coarse ware, Grids K-N 0-8

(2) Coarse ware, Grids G-J 0-8

(3) Fine ware, Grids G-N 0-8

A few rocchetti, spindle whorls and loom weights were also found.

3) Metal

Many small, very worn bronze fragments and a few larger lumps were found; none of these are identifiable with the exception of a spiral pin ( 19730151

).  These fragments, filling two strawberry cartons, as well as a small bag of slag pieces including a few attached to tile fragments and a possible mold (?), were stored in msc. Bronze Frag. cassetta, 1st magasino.

Property or Relation Value(s)
Temporal Coverage
[Standard: Dublin Core Terms]
Editorial Note

Open Context editors work with data contributors to annotate datasets to shared vocabularies, ontologies, and other standards using 'Linked Open Data' (LOD) methods.

The annotations presented above approximate some of the meaning in this contributed data record to concepts defined in shared standards. These annotations are provided to help make datasets easier to understand and use with other datasets.

Suggested Citation

Jennifer Neils. "JN IV (1973-07-26):176-190; Summary from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Agger/Agger 10/1973, ID:266". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

Editorial Status

Managing editor reviewed

Part of Project


Mapping Data

Copyright License

Attribution 4.0

To the extent to which copyright applies, this content carries the above license. Follow the link to understand specific permissions and requirements.
Required Attribution: Citation and reference of URIs (hyperlinks)