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Limited excavation was carried on in the southwestern corner of Rectangle 5 in 1974 in order to (1) retrive the remainder of the debris of the Lower Building (most specifically the pottery) left by E. Rystedt under the Red Wall area; and (2) to expose the Lower Building foundations under the Red Wall (most specifically the northeastern corner of the Lower Building).  These aims were partially -- but not completely -- achieved.

(1)  Many fine bucchero fragments were found in the Lower Building debris (stratum B), both within the Lower Building below the Red Wall area (i.e. grids J-K 1) and outside the Lower Building at a higher level (grids J-K 2).  The pottery is of the same type found by E. Rystedt in previous excavation in this area and in fact, many fragments joine with her

pieces (see p. 15, Find #1 ; p. 19, Find #1 and 2 ; p. 23, Find #1 ; p. 33, Find #2 , p. 35, Find #3 ; p. 45, Find #7 ; p. 49, Find #1 , p. 55, Find #1 ).  These will be catalogued anew with 1974 inventory numbers.

(Other fragments are being stored in an R5 pottery cassetta with the rest of E. Rystedt's sherds.  NB.  At least two and possibly four bucchero stemmed feet were found -- but were too fragile and fragmentary to work on now and so are put away with the other sherds.)

The most common type of pottery is bucchero bean plates/bowls and bowls with stamped decoration on the rim.  However, it should be noted that more Lower Building debris may be found under the Upper Building foundations.  This is suggested by the fact that a bucchero bean dish was found under the Upper Building foundation stones in grid K-1 (see p. 45, Find #5 ), and by the fact

that the "B" stratum of burned LB debris can be seen in the profile under the UB foundations.  Also, if the Red Wall is contemporary with the Upper Building and Lower Building debris is found under it, then it seems logical that one would find LB debris under the UB foundations as well.  It should also be noted that although this pottery was fuond in the burned debris stratum (designated "B"), it was not all burned; in fact, much of it retained its original shiny black bucchero finish.  Other pieces were only partially burned.

It should also be noted that at this point, no attempts were made to find joins between this pottery and other sherds from other areas of the Lower Building (e.g. the courtyard or Rectangles 6 and 7).

(2)  Our second objective was to uncover the stones of the Lower Building foundation in grids H-I-J-K 1-2, including the northeast corner of the Lower Building.  In order to do this, the Red Wall and its foundations had to be lifted in these grids.  as this was being done, we noted that these foundations do not rest directly on the Lower Building foundation stones -- but rather on a yellowish soil stratum that intervenes.

Also, these Red Wall foundations are constructed with large stones along the outside edges, but only scattered, smaller stones in the middle.  A few of these Red Foundation stones were left in situ in grid K-1 as they may possibly show bonding with the Upper Building foundations ( ).  However, in order to ascertain that these two walls are contemporary, we must possibly dig further south into the Upper Building foundation.

The Lower Building foundation stones were uncovered in grids I-J-K 1-2 and will be drawn by the architect, Hans Linden.  Also, the angle of the east and north wall of the Lower Building was exposed -- but on the interior only.  The exterior angle (if there is one) is at present covered by large stones composing E. Rystedt's "Big Stone Area" and by earth to the east of the Red Wall area.  In order to uncover the exterior angle, excavation will have to continue into grid G 1-2.

On the last day of excavation, the dike left in grids I-K 3/4 was removed, leaving the trench as follows: ( ).

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Suggested Citation

Jennifer Neils. "JN V (1974-06-19):61-69; Summary from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro Rectangle/Tesoro Rectangle 5/1974, ID:279". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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