Civitate A is the area to the north of the Medieval road leading to Piano del Tesoro, which makes up the large portion of the north slope of the hill. While excavation had taken place here previously in the eastern extent along the Archaic Period Complex, it was the discovery of Archaic metal roasting pits and pieces of copper slag in CA 33 which renewed interest in the western area ( JB I and JB III ).
Following this discovery, several trenches were excavated in the surrounding area. Features found include intentional deposits ( TT I , CO III , and AEG I ), an Archaic Period well ( JBB II , LS I , and MG II ), and a lozenge shaped stone capping in CA 42N ( MG II ). The materials from CA suggest an earlier date than that associated with Piano del Tesoro to the east; the finds were generally characteristic of the late 8th century BCE.
During the 2012 season, two test trenches, CA 70 and 71, were dropped about 60 meters east and 40 meters west of the excavations detailed above ( AAF II , CGL I ). Each trench came down on seemingly linear rock features and were extended in 2013 to explore the features further, which revealed a more robust linear feature that appears to be a load bearing wall.
The area of excavation in 2014 lies south of an area in which several exploratory trenches were previously dropped in the 1960s. While most of them were quickly abandoned when no substantial architecture or architectural terra cotta was revealed, several of these trenches did uncover a large amount of decorative terra cotta intentionally dumped into a lens ( BH II , BBV , and EN I ). The deposits seems to be associated with the destruction of the Archaic Period Complex and the scattering of the decorative material from the roofing
T 62 will be placed twenty meters to the east of the 2012 and 2013 excavations in an attempt to further clarify an area of the hill previously undocumented.
2014 goals of T 62:
- To explore the area immediately east of CA 72, 73, and 78
- To recover dateable material from a secure context to better understand the previous features discovered in Civitate A
- To potentially reveal new architectural features, stratigraphy, and topographic information
- To search for evidence of non-elite habitation in association with the well located in Civitate A
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