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Civitate A is located to the north of the medieval road, which bisects the hill of Poggio Civitate. It occupies the major part of the northern area of the hill. Excavations had been undertaken in the area adjacent to the Archaic complex, but in 1990 evidence for metalworking was found in the area (see JB I ; JB III ). In 1991, several other trenches were opened in CA, two of which (CA37; TT I ; CA-36; JB IV ) revealed intentional deposits which were typologically dated to the 8 th century earlier than the material from Piano del Tesoro to the east.

In 1997, excavations in CA uncovered an Archaic period well (JB II ; LS I ; MG II ), while nearby a further intentional deposit was found (CA 42; MG II ). The area was revisited in 2007, when a series of explanatory trenches, CA 56 , 57 , 58 , 59 , and 60 were dug to the north of CB 36 to clarify the stratigraphic context

of that deposit.

In spite of this, the chronology of the deposit remained obscure, so in 2009 2 more trenches, CA 61 and CA 62 were opened ( CO III ; AEG I ). CA 62 revealed a stone capping feature and part of a bucchero handle ( 20090016 ) that joined to a piece from CA 36 , suggesting contemporaneous use at both areas in the past.

During the 2010 season a further group of trenches were dug in the area (CA 63-69; AJC I , CO IV , AEG II , JRV III , KEH/TMO I , JRV IV , and EMO I ). These threnches were found to contain further 8 th century material, but no sign of Archaic features or further evidence for metalworking.

In 2012, 2 trenches ( CGL I and AAF II ), CA 70 and CA 71, were opened in the southern area of CA, adjacent to the road. They uncovered a large amount of slag and a group of linear features, which were

explored and defined further by a series of expansion trenches, CA 72 , 73 , and 74 , which created an open excavation area at approx. 10 x 15 meters.

These trenches uncovered bronze and iron fragments, slag, forno fragments, and vitrified terracotta, suggesting metalworking in the area. However, the finds associated with those trenches presented a confusing chronology a carinated rim was typologically dated to the 8 th century (CA 73; ARR IV ), while later orientalizing and Archaic material was also found in the adjacent CA 72 ( AEG VI ). This trench also revealed a robust feature associated with further metalworking debris, suggestive of an architectural feature.

Therefore, the aims of excavation in CA 81 are: 1) To examine a wider area of CA for evidence of metalworking and additional features.

2) To clarify the chronological sequence of the CA area.

3) To clarify the function of the structural features in CA.

4) To better understand if the medieval road is creating a terrace, halting the erosion of CA artifacts into the CB area.

5) To get a better sense of the stratigraphy in this area both above and below the road.

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Suggested Citation

Melissa L. Ludke. "MLL I (2013-06-24):5-12; Introduction from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Civitate A/Civitate A81/2013, ID:669". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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