Open Context

July 16, 2001

1

Table of Contents

Introduction\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85....3-5

Daily Log\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85.\x85..13-73

*Find list for T-18 2001\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85..\x85...79-81

Metal Summary for T-18 2001\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85...83

Bone Summary for T-18 2001\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x8583-87

Pottery Summary for T-18 2001

Total sherds by Fabric\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x8589

% Fabric by Loc\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85.89-95

% by Fabric\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x8595-99

diagnostic sherds\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85101-111

summary\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85.111-113

Locus summary for T-18 2001\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85.115-121

Locus matrix\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85\x85..121

Final Trench Summary for T-18 2001\x85\x85\x85\x85123

*all summaries are only preliminary due to the short excavation period of T-18 this season.

2

3

Introduction

During the final weeks of excavation in the 2001 serason, it was decided to reinvestigate the area of the northern tripartite structure known as Tesoro 18 will be opened and a trench will be dropped on the wested side of the wested end wall of the structure in meters 30.5-35N/170-173E.

The primary goal for excavation in this location is to obtain a stratigraphic section of the soil around and under the structure in an attempt to better understand the structure's association to the . This section may also be useful as a comparison to the section obtained from T9 this season and may help date the wall located in that area as well. In addition, T-18 may find evidence for additional structures along the northern terrace of Piano del Tesoro and clarify questions concerning features unearthed during previous excavations in the area.

For more information concerning previous excavation in the area of Tesoro 18, see ERI, JNI, JNII, JNIII, GWIII, and DNII. For information concerning excavations in the area of the northern tripartite structure in general; also see ENII,

4

5

JMII (Jeff McCallum), ABI; GWIV, and GWV. Tesoro 18 will be placed on the master grid system this season. For information concerning the establishment of the master grid, see NMIV pg 1-5; TTI pg 3-5; JBIV pg 1-5. Terracotta and plaster will be measured in cassette (50cm x 34cm x 9cm). Pottery will be quantified by latti cartons ( 16cm x 9cm x 5cm). Depths will be measured below datum, which mean below a fixed point established for the trench.

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

AM

We began the morning by plotting out the points of trench T-18. We shot a point from PC6 to 28N, 150E and then to 28N, 163E. We set the transit over this point and shot another point to 34N, 170E. The coordinates of the four corners of this trench are 35N, 173E; 30.5N, 173E; 35N, 170E; 30.5N, 170E. After the trench was laid out, the area was cleared of brush and an architectural feature (?) was noticed. The trench was split into two loci. Locus 1 is the soil at the lower elevation at the northern end of the trench. Locus 2 is characterized by the rock formation at the higher elevation.

PM

Excavations began in the northern end of the trench in locus 1 with only a slight pass being made. Work then was focused on defining the rocks which form the formation in the southern end of the trench in locus 2. The area of locus 2 was taken down about 10cm. A distinct linear formation of rocks is present, but it appears to be a line a stones, one stone wide. Locus 2 seems to be unexcavated due to the amount of pottery and

14

15

terracotta found today. The datum point for the trench is placed on the tree which stands on a baulk wall in the north of T-18 probably near the 37N, 171E point. Locus 1 produced 2 fragments of pottery and 2 fragments of bone and a quarter latte box of terracotta. Locus 2 produced 1 latte box of pottery and bone and 2.25 latte boxes of terracotta and plaster

16

17

LOCUS 1

Coordinates Depth Below Datum

32N, 173E 80.1cm

32.14N, 171.97E 76.2cm

32.41N, 171.08E 64.6cm

32.89N, 170E 69.4cm

35N, 170E 122.8cm

35N, 173E 123cm

LOCUS 2

32N, 173E 80.1cm

32.14N, 171.97E 76.2cm

32.41N, 171.08E 64.6cm

32.89N, 170E 69.4cm

30.5N, 170E 69.9cm

30.5N, 173E 88.1cm

July 17, 2001

19

AM

We began the morning working in locus 1 meters 35N, 170E through 35N, 172E (see plan for meter designations), and locus 2 as defined on page 17. A 5cm pass was cleaned up in locus 1 and another 5cm pass was made in meters 34N, 170E 34N, 172E. A large number of rocks became visible in these passes and they apeart to be bedrock. We may be reaching the level of unexcavated soil but currently we are still in fill. A pickpass was made and cleaned in locus 2 in meters 32N, 170E 32N, 170E. The rock feature in this area was farther defined and a large amount of pottery and tile has been recovered. Due to the amount of finds and their placement in the soil, I believe the locus 2 is previously unexcavated. Locus 3 was also definted today (see below).

PM

We continued to excavated both locus 1 and 2. Another pass was made in meters 34N, 170E 34N, 171E of locus 1. This area of the locus sloped quite a bit, so our primary goal is to level the slope in those meters to the level of locus 1 in the 35N, 170 35N, 172E meters. Again, a large amount of bedrock has surfaced in soil that appears to be fill by its tester, and the pockets of various soil throughout. Wile work was continued in locus 2, an area of tile concentration was

20

21

uncovered. The remainder of the day was spent defining around the tile concentration with baulk hammers and trowels. Totals for the day: locus 1 produced 1 latte box of pottery and bone and half a cassetta of terracotta and plaster. Locus 2 produced 1.5 cassetta of terracotta and tile and 2 latte boxes of pottery and bone. Most of the fragments in both loci are impasto and coarseware, but serveral find pieces of bucchero, buccheroid, and creamware did appear. Most of the terracotta of locus 2 came from the southern side of the rock feature. The soil dump for T-18 is about 30m to the east near T-17 and down the northern slope. The terracotta dump is also in this area.

LOCUS 3

Coordinates Opening depths

30.5N, 173E 88.1cm

30.40N, 173E 75.5cm

30.5N, 271.70E 87.8cm

31.25N, 272E 86.6cm

description: an area of excavated soil at a lower depth than that of locus 2 on the southern side of the rock feature

22

23

24

photos

25

20010057

Find # 6

T-18 Locus 2

85.5cm bd

Painted Corinthian/Italo-Corinthian? And incised

Drawing

Photos

20010070

Find # 7

T-18 Locus 2

81.4cm bd

Incised buccheroid

Drawing

Photos

26

27

Drawing

July 18, 2001

28

29

AM

We began the morning working in both locus 1 and locus 2. In locus 1, we completed the pickpass in the southern half of the completed bringing the slope in this area level with the elevation of the norther end of the locus. We started another pick pass in the norther halp of the locus 4 in meters 35N, 170E and 35N, 172E, but soon hit bedrock. This bedrock appears to extend over the entirety of locus 1 and 4 so the pass was not extended into the southern half of the locus. In locus 2, we continued to define the tile fall found on the southern side of the rock feature. A large number of tile have been uncovered and many preserve the ancient breaks resulting from their fall. This reaffirms that the locus is previously unexcavated. All tile uncovered today were left in site so the photographer can photograph them in the morning.

PM

Work was not done in locus 1 in the afternoon and the locus will be closed soon. We took a small pickpass on the norther side of the rock feature in locus 2 but found very little. The soil in this area contains a large amount of galestra. When this cut

30

31

was cleaned up, we extended the trench 1 meter to the south in hopes of picking up more of the tile fall. The new area was definted as locus 5 and is confined to 30.5N, 170E; 30.5N, 171E; 29.5N, 171E; and 29.5N, 170E. This locus equates with that of locus 2. We continued to define the tile fall in locus 2 and began a pickpass in locus 5 after opening depths were taken. More tiles began to appear in both loci. Both locus 2 and 5 have a large amount of bone and a large portion of this bone is burned. After photos in the morning, the tile concentration will be lifted. In locus 1, we uncovered 1 latte box of pottery and 1.5 latte boxes of terracotta and plaster. Locus 4 produced one-eighth latte box of pottery and bone and half latte box of terracotta and plaster. Locus 2 produced half latte box of pottery and bone and half cassetta of terracotta and plaster. Locus 5 produced a quarter latte box of pottery and bone and one-eighth cassetta of terracotta and plaster.

LOCUS

Coordinates Opening Closing

35N, 170E 125.4cm bd 125.4cm bd

35N, 173E 127.3cm bd 127.3cm bd

32N, 173E 120.7cm bd 120.7cm bd

32.89N, 170E 115.0cm bd 115.0cm bd

center 122.2cm bd 122.2cm bd

32

photos

33

20010061

Find # 4

T-18 Locus 2

66.7cm bd

Inscribed Impasto

Drawings

Photos

July 19, 2001

34

35

AM

We began this morning by defining the tile fall and rock formation for photographs, so this entailed work in both locus 2 and locus 5. After the photographs were taken, a now locus was defined and opened. Locus 6 is the area of the tile fall (see below for details). Once the opening depths were taken, the tile fall was slowly removed. The fall appears to have a certain pattern. There are alternating concentrations of pan tiles and cover tiles along the fall as if they slid down off of a roof. In addition, there are no tiles on the rock formation or on the northern side of the formation. While removing the tiles, it became clear that the soil in which the tiles rest contains carbon and high amounts of plaster. Only a small number of the tiles were removed before the afternoon break and more tiles are always appearing. From observing the concentration, it seems that it may continue down for some depth.

PM

We continued to remove the tile concentration into the afternoon. A large amount of bone is being found around the concentration and some pottery. As the tile was removed, fragments located near to one another were examined for joins. Many of the fragments are joining but

36

37

a full lenth or width has not been found yet. No diagnostic architectural fragments have been uncovered either. Hopefully some will appear at lower levels of the fall. By the end of the day, only a very small section of the tile fall was removed near the rock formation. The area revmoed is about 1.5m x .5m and only about 5-10cm deep. More tiles have appeared below the ones removed already. We will continue to remove the tile fall on the next day. Locus 2 produced only 4 fragments of pottery and no terracotta and locus 5 produced about one-sixteenth latte box of pottery and bone. Locus 6 (tile fall) produced 1 latte box of reed impressed plaster, half latte box of pottery and bone, and 3.5 cassette of terracotta and plaster.

LOCUS 6

Coordinates Opening depths

170E, 32N 69cm bd

30.5N, 171.70E 72cm bd

31.25N, 172E 82cm bd

29.5N, 170E 58cm bd

29.5N, 171E 68cm bd

description: area of the tile concentration south of the rock formation. Soil is medium to light/yellowish brown and contains a large amount of plaster and carbon pockets.

38

photos

39

20010066

Find # 2

T-18 Locus 6

78.0cm bd

Orange impasto bowl fragment with rim

Drawing

Photos

July 20, 2001

40

41

No work due to rain

July 23, 2001

42

43

AM

We began this morning defining the tile fall and cleaning the trench. The photographer took photos (black and white) and color slides of the area with the tile fall defined as locus 6. We decided to leave the remaining tiles in situ for the time being and to spend the afternoon defining the area more.

PM We continued to define the area of locus 6 closer to the rock feature and south. More tiles are appearing closer to the rocks while fewer appear as we move south. More may appear as we take the locus deeper. It is intersesting to note that several of the tiles appear to be pushed against the rock feature, so most likely the rocks were in place before the tile fall occured. Several additional large pan tile fragments have become visible and a full width of cover tile. The cover tile will be taken down as soon as it is removed. We continued to define the tile fall throughout the day and more photographs will be taken in the morning. Today locus 6 produced half latte box of pottery and bone and three-fourths cassetta of terracotta and plaster.

44

45

July 24, 2001

46

47

AM

We continued to define the tile fall of locus 6 this morning. Again, carbon and plaster deposits have been found throughout the fall but the tile size and amount continues to decrease as we define to the south. Since the tile fall appears to decrease to the south, it was decided to extend a section of the trench 2 meters to the west. With this extension, we should be able to pick up more of the rocks that form this linear rock feature and more of the tile fall that occurs along its southern side. This extension was named locus 7. The confines are 30.5N,170E; 30.5N, 168E; 33N, 170E; and 33N, 168E. This area appears unexcavated and equates with locus 2.

PM

We continued to define the tile fall in locus 6 with similar results as mentioned above. It is interesting to note that although there is a smaller amount of tile, larger amounts of pottery and larger fragments are found farther to the south. We also broke ground in locus 7 this afternoon. We started work with the pick axe, but large fragments of tile began to appear, so we switched to the trowels and

48

49

baulk hammers. More of the rocks of the rock feature were uncovered and more of the tile fall. A large amount of pottery and bone came from the small cut that we started on the northern end of the extension along the rock feature. Some of the bone shows signs of burning. More large tile fragments have also appeared but only to the south of the rock feature. Work will continue in locus 7 in order to define the tile fall for final photographs before lifting.

LOCUS 7

Coordinates Opening Depths

30.5N, 170E 65.0cm bd

30.5N, 168E 55.5cm bd

33N, 170E 87.0cm bd

33N, 168E 75.5cm bd

31.5N, 169E 70.0cm bd

50

photo

51

20010069

Find # 3

T-18 Locus 7

77.5cm bd

Rochetto Fragment

Drawing

Photo

Locus 6 produced half latte box of pottery and bone and one-eighth cassetta of terracotta and plaster. Locus 7 produced half latte box of pottery and bone and one-eighth cassetta of terracotta and plaster

LOCUS 8

Coordinates Opening Depths Closing Depths

168E, 32N 70.5cm bd 76.3cm bd

168E, 30.5N 55.5cm bd 72.1cm bd

169E, 30.5N 70.3cm bd 71.4cm bd

169E, 32N 70.0cm bd 70.5cm bd

description: area of a terracotta dump and stone p. 6 from a previous excavation; removed before excavation into locus 7

52

53

drawing

July 25, 2001

54

55

AM

We continued to define the rock feature in the new extension of the trench called locus 7. No more tiles have become visible that are associated with the tile fall of locus 6. A new locus was define, however, as locus 8. Locus 8 is an area in the western meter of the new extension that appears to be an old tile dump and rock pile. After locus 8 was defined, the area was leveled with that of locus 7. No pottery or bone was uncovered in locus 8.

PM

We continued to work in locus 7, but still have not uncovered a continuam to the tile fall of locus 6. A large amount of plaster and carbon has appeared in the soil of locus 7 which is similar to that of locus 6. A large amount of pottery and bone is found throughout locus 7; most of the bone shows signs of burning, locus 7 has produced 1.5latte boxes of pottery and bone including some fine bucchero and greyware fragments and half cassetta of tile.

July 26, 2001

56

57

AM

We began this morning with bipd photographs of the tile fall and rock feature. After the photos were taken, we continued work in locus 7 in an attempt to define moer of the tile fall of locus 6. Only fragmentary tile fragments have appeared and fewer tiles are present as we move south. Given the size of the terracotta fragments, many were lifted as we worked. The tile fall may have continued in locus 7, but in a more fragmentary form. As we worked in locus 7, we began to come across a new soil type. It was not defined yet but we will continue to remove locus 7 across the extension before it is defined as locus 9.

PM

We continued to remove locus 7 and came down on the new soil. This new soil is heavy with plaster and carbon. We are finding a great deal of material as we come down onto the new soil. The plaster most likely is associated with the tile fall of locus 6. We continue to find a large amount of burned bone as well. We will continue to remove the remainder of locus 7 in the morning and define

58

59

the new soil as locus 9. It is interesting to note that a ring base was found today on top of the rock feature just below the surface of the soil. This base most likely dates to the Archaic period.

60

61

62

63

July 27, 2001

64

65

AM

We continued to work in the new extensions. Locus 9 was definted and the baulk walls were trimmed. Locus 9 is characteristically heavy in carbon and plaster. The soil has an orange-pink tint as well. Only a quarter latte box of pottery was recovered during the baulk trimming. A pass was made with the pick into locus 9 and we continued to work in locus 9 throughout the morning. A great deal of burned bone and carbon has been found and several large fragments of coarseware vessels. Tile continues to appear, but in fragmentary forms.

PM We continued work in locus 9 making several additional pickpasses. More rocks are beginning to appear and we continue to find burned material including vitrified plaster. By the end of the day, locus 9 produced 3 latte boxes of pottery and bone and 1 cassetta of terracotta and plaster.

66

67

July 30, 2001

68

69

AM

Photos were taken of the tile fall of locus 6 again this morning. Once the photos were taken, we began to excavate the tile fall removing all the tiles. We looked for joins as the tile were removed, but only one full width of a cover tile was found. Two unusual terracotta fragments were also recovered and tracked. Some cleaning was done in locus 9 and then a section was dropped beneath the tile fall. The soil in this section was the same as locus 6, but the bottom of the secion hit rocky grey soil with patches of yellow. This may represent a packing that the stone formation rests on. Eight fragments of pottery came from locus 9 during the cleaing. A quarter latte box of pottery came from the area of the tile fall and a quarter latte box of pottery came from the section directly beneath the tile fall in the section cut. The tile fall produced 2.5 cassette of large terracotta fragments. Final depths were then taken, and a new locus was defined within the section cut.

PM

No work done.

70

71

July 31, 2001

72

73

AM

Final day. Final photographs were taken of the trench and then the trench was backfilled. Plastic was laid over the excavated soil and then 10cm of soil was placed on the plastic. Brush was then placed on top.

PM

No work done.

74

75

76

77

78

79

Find List for T-18 2001 Season

Object Coordinates Locus Depth bd pg #

Ridged impasto 32.34N, 171.06E 2 67.5cm 15

Incised impasto 32.49N, 170.68E 2 67.5cm 15

Burned bone 32.75N, 171.35E 2 57.2cm 17

Burned bone frag 32.5-32-75N, 170.5-171.5E 2 56-60cm 17 Incised buccheroid 32.34N, 170.46E 2 81.1cm 21 Marked tile 32.33N,170, 46E 2 71.1cm 23

Braided coarseware 34.75N, 172.30E 1 129.0cm 23

Unusual terracotta 33.5N, 171.82E 1 123.4cm 23

Impasto rim frag 33.8N, 172.3E 1 126.0cm 25

Painted corinthian 31.05N, 171.88E 2 85.5cm 25

Worked stone 30.5-31N, 171E 2 85.0cm 25

Incised buccheroid 31.26N, 171.65E 2 81.4cm 25

Worked bone 33.85N, 172.03E 1 110.5cm 33

Ridged terracotta 30.61N, 171.29E 2 75.0cm 33

Fingermarked tile 33.08N, 172.70E 1 105.5cm 33

Buccheroid tondo 30.72N, 171E 6 72.0cm 39

Bowl frag w/ rim 31.03N, 171.38E 6 78.0cm 39

Lettered cover tile 31.07N, 171.44E 6 86.5cm 39

Rim frag w/ groove 31.74N, 170.46E 6 80.0cm 45

Sling stone 30.5N, 170.36E 6 93.2cm 45

Bronze 30.5N, 170.385E 6 81.5cm 49

Incised bucchero 30.74N, 170.71E 6 77.5cm 51

80

81

Find List for T-18 2001 Season (cont.)

Rochetto fragment 32.81N, 169.41E 7 77.5cm 51

Ridge pottery 36.68N, 169.64E 7 81.5cm 59

Ring base 32.40N, 169.97E 7 70.4cm 59

Incised ceramic 31.07N, 169.40E 7 71.5cm 59

Ridged coarseware 32.20N, 168.54E 7 73.0cm 61

Ridge pottery 31.59N, 168.80E 7 72.6cm 61

Cooking bell 31.55N, 168.33E 7 65.3cm 61

Corinthian frag 31.38N, 168.77E 7 78.0cm 61

Incised impasto 31.77N, 168.30E 7 79.5cm 63

Incised bucceroid 31.75N, 168.66E 7 80.2cm 63

Creamware frag 31.56N, 168.80E 7 82.5cm 63

Incised bucchero 30.5-31N, 168-170E 7 65-75cm 63

Lettered pantile 31.51N, 168.59E 9 77.9cm 67

Vitrified plaster 31.22N, 169.30E 9 81.5cm 67

Fingermarked pantile 31.22N, 168.77E 9 86.2cm 67

Covertile w/ unusual end 32.72N, 170.83E 6 86.8cm 71

Unusual terracotta 31.20N, 170.50E 6 92.5cm 71

82

83

Metal Summary for T-18 2001

No metal was recovered from T-18 this season with the exception of one amorphous fragment of bronze which was recoverd from locus 6 within the tile fall. (KLHIV, pg 49)

Bone Summary for T-18 2001

A total of 832 fragments of unmarked, animal bones were recovered in T-18 and one fragment of worked bone from locus 1 (KLHIV, pg 33). The majority of the bone came from loci 2, 6, 7, and 9. These loci all represent soil to the south of the rock feature that runs through the trench. A fair amount of the bone shows signs of burning especially in loci 2 and 7. Several large bones were recovered as well as several jawbone fragments with teeth preserved.

Locus 1: Unworked bone 47

Burned bone 3

Teeth 3

Total 53 fragments

1 worked bone fragment

84

85

Locus 2: Unworked 268

Burned 52

Teeth 10

Total 330 fragments

Locus 3: Unworked 0

Burned 0

Teeth 0

Total 0 fragments

Locus 4: Unworked 11

Burned 0

Teeth 0

Total 11 fragments

Locus 5: Unworked 26

Burned 0

Teeth 5

Total 31 fragments

Locus 6: Unworked 72

Burned 5

Teeth 4

Total 81 fragments

Locus 7: Unworked 179

Burned 36

Teeth 13

Total 228 fragments

86

87

Locus 8: Unworked 0

Burned 0

Teeth 0

Total 0 fragments

Locus 9: Unworked 86

Burned 9

Teeth 2

Total 97 fragments

Baulk wall: Unworked 1

Burned 0

Teeth 0

Total 1 fragment

88

89

Pottery Summary for T-18 2001

Total sherds: 1229 fragments

Total sherds by fabric: % of total

coarseware: 292 frag 23.75%

impasto: 751 frag 61.11%

creamware: 7 frag .57%

bucchero: 28 frag 2.28%

buccheroid: 141 frag 11.47%

corinthian: 2 frag .16%

orangeware: 7 frag .57%

greyware: 1 frag .09%

% Fabric by Loc: Locus Total frag %

Coarseware: 1 34 11.6%

2 49 16.8%

3 0 0%

4 12 4.1%

5 8 2.7%

6 45 15.4%

7 85 29.1%

8 0 0%

9 49 16.8%

baulk trim 10 3.5%

Total 292

90

91

Impasto: 1 12 8.5

2 34 24.1

3 0 0

4 0 0

5 4 2.8

6 15 10.7

7 22 15.6

8 0 0

9 45 31.9

baulk trim 9 6.4

Total 141

Corinthian: 1 0 0

2 1 50

3 0 0

4 0 0

5 0 0

6 0 0

7 1 50

8 0 0

9 0 0

baulk trim 0 0

Total 2

Orangeware: 1 0 0

2 0 0

3 0 0

4 0 0

5 0 0

6 5 71.4

7 1 14.3

8 0 0

9 1 14.3

baulk trim 0 0

Total 7

94

95

Greyware: 1 0 0

2 0 0

3 0 0

4 0 0

5 0 0

6 0 0

7 1 100

8 0 0

9 0 0

baulk trim 0 0

Total 1

Percent by Fabric

  • Legend = B (body); H (handle); R (rim); Ba (bone); T (tondo)

# of frag %

Locus 1: Coarseware = 34 (25B, 3Ba, 5R, 1H) 24.1

Impasto = 94 (82B, 12R) 66.7

Buccheroid = 12 (10B, 2R) 8.5

Bucchero = 1 (1B) 0.7%

Total: 141 frag

Locus 2: Impasto = 191 (162B, 29R) 69.2

Coarseware = 49 (3Ba, 9R, 37B) 17.7

Buccheroid = 34 (1T, 1H, 1R, 31B) 12.3

Creamware = 1 (1B) .4

Corinthian = 1 (1B) .4

Total: 276 frag

96

97

Locus 4: Coarseware = 12 (11B, 1R) 75

Impasto = 4 (4B) 25

Total: 16 frag

Locus 5: Coarseware = 8 (8B) 30.8

Impasto = 14 (9B, 3Ba, 2R) 53.8

Buccheroid = 4 (4B) 15.4

Total: 26 frag

Locus 6: Coarseware = 45 (37B, 2Ba, 6R) 27.5

Impasto = 88 (68B, 18R, 1H, 1Ba) 53.7

Buccheroid = 15 (14B, 1T) 9.1

Bucchero = 10 (5B, 5R) 6.1

Orangeware = 5 (4B, 1R) 3

Creamware = 1 (1B) .6

Total: 164 frag

98

99

Locus 7: Coarseware = 85 (1Ba, 14R, 70B) 25

Impasto = 213 (177B, 32R, 4H) 62.6

Creamware = 4 (4B) 1.2

Bucchero = 13 (10B, 3R) 3.8

Buccheroid = 22 (20B, 2R) 6.5

Corinthian = 1 (1B) .3

Orangeware = 1 (1B) .3

Greyware = 1 (1Ba) .3

Total: 340 frag

Locus 9: Coarseware = 49 (39B, 6R, 4Ba) 20.8

Impasto = 137 (126B, 10R, 1Ba) 58

Bucchero = 4 (4B) 1.7

Buccheroid = 45 (39B, 6R) 19.1

Orangeware = 1 (1B) .4

Total: 236 frag

Baulk wall: Coarseware = 10 (10B) 33

Impasto = 10 (9B, 1R) 33

Buccheroid = 9 (9B) 30

Creamware = 1 (1R) 4

Total: 30 frag

100

101

Pottery Summary Diagnostic sherds

Locus 1: drawing

102

103

Locus 2: drawing

104

105

Locus 4: drawing

Locus 5: drawing

Locus 6: drawing

106

107

Locus 6: drawing

Locus 7: drawing

108

109

Locus 7: drawing

Locus 9: drawing

110

111

Locus 9: drawing

Baulk trim: drawing

A total of 1229 fragments of pottery was recovered in T-18 for the 2001 serason. The majority of the pottery came from loci 2, 6, 7, and 9. These loci are all found near and to the south of the rock feature that bisects the trench dividing locus 1 from locus 2. Impasto was the most predominant fabric found but a high percentage of finer ceramics

112

113

such as bucchero and buccheroid were also recovered. Loci 4 and 5 were almost devoid of material. Locus 4 represents the bedrock that rests below locus 1, and locus 5 was a topsoil cut made to the south of locus 2. Because excavation was only carried out for about 2 weeks this season in T-18, it would be premature to make many conclusions but it does appear as though the rock feature influenced the distribution of ceramics throughout the trench, since most of the ceramics were recovered from the south side of the feature. Several finds were tracked from T-18 including a fragment of braided coarseware (KLHIV, pg 23), and an impoast rim fragment (KLHIV, pg 25) from locus 1. Locus 2 produced a piece of ridge impasto (KLHIV, pg 15), incised impasto (KLHIV, pg 15), incised buccheroid (KLHIV, pg 21), a fragment of painted corinthian (KLHIV, pg 25), and another fragment of incised buccheroid (KLHIV, pg 25). Locus 6 produced a buccheroid tondo (KLHIV, pg 39), a bowl fragment with a rim (KLHIV, pg 39), a rim fragment with a groove (KLHIV, pg 45), and a fragment of incised bucchero (KLHIV, pg 51). Locus 7 produced one rochetto fragment (KLHIV, pg 51), three fragments of ridged pottery (KLHIV, pg 59, 61), a greyware ring base (KLHIV, pg 59), four fragments of incised pottery (KLHIV, pg 59, 63), a cooking bell fragment (KLHIV, pg 61), and a corinthian fragment (KLHIV, pg 61).

114

115

Locus Summary for T-18 2001

A total of 10 loci were define within T-18 in the 2001 season. Although 10 loci were defined, only 8 distinct soils were encountered as represented by loci 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, and 10. Loci 2, 5, and 7 can be equated with one another because all represent topsoil cuts in previously unexcavated areas of the trench. Locus 10 was not excavated into, but represents a galestra layer that also appears in the baulk wall on the north side of the rock feature. This galestra appears to be a packing that the rock feature may have been placed on. The rock feature itself is quite interesting as well. It bisects the trench and does appear to rest on a galestra packing. It is linear and appears the plan. A conclusion cannot be stated here since only 2 weeks of excavation took place and more work is needed to determine its date and purpose. Locus 6 represents a file fall that only appeared on the south side of the rock feature. No diagnostic terracottas were recovered, but given the locations of the fall, it most likely is Archaic in date.

116

117

Locus 1: Fill dirt from a previous excavation characterized by pockets of various soil types including galestra, topsoil, plaster pockets, and carbon.

Coordinates Opening bd Closing bd

32N, 173E 80.1cm 120.7cm

32.14N, 171.97E 76.2cm 83.1cm

32.41N, 171.08E 64.6cm 74.3cm

32.89N, 170E 69.4cm 115.0cm

35N, 170E 122.8cm 125.4cm

35N, 173E 123cm 127.3cm

Locus 2:Unexcavated soil at a higher elevation that locus 1 with a stone feature running roughly east-west through it.

32N, 173E 80.1cm 120.7cm

32.14N, 171.97E 76.2cm 83.1cm

32.41N, 171.08E 64.6cm 74.3cm

32.89N, 170E 69.4cm 115.0cm

30.5N, 170E 69.9cm 72.0cm

30.5N, 173E 88.1cm 90.4cm

Locus 3: Area of excavated soil at a lower elevation to locus 2 on the southern side of the rock feature

30.5N, 173E 88.1cm 88.1cm

30.40N, 173E 75.5cm 75.5cm

30.5N, 271.70E 87.8cm 87.8cm

31.25N, 272E 86.6cm 86.6cm

Locus 4: Medium brown soil, bedrock starting to appear throughout dry and hard in textures

35N, 170E 125.4cm 125.4cm

35N, 173E 127.3cm 127.3cm

32N, 173E 120.7cm 120.7cm

32.89N, 170E 115.0cm 115.0cm

center 22.2cm 122.2cm

118

119

Locus 5: Very hard packed soil, medium brown, previously unexcavated and equates with the soil of locus 2.

30.5N, 170E 69.9cm 72.0cm

30.5N, 171E 73.8cm 76.2cm

29.5N, 170E 60.7cm 68.0cm

29.5N, 171E 64.0cm 68.0cm

Locus 6: Area of a tile concentration to the south of the rock feature; the tiles rest on medium brown soil to light yellow soil with plaster and carbon throughout.

170E, 32N 69cm 89.5cm

30.5N, 171.70E 72cm 85.8cm

31.25N, 172E 82cm 89.6cm

29.5N, 170E 58cm 75.5cm

29.5N, 171E 68cm 83.7cm

Locus 7: Topsoil cut in previously unexcavated soil, hard packed and medium brown in color, equate with 2 and 5.

30.5N, 170E 65.0cm 73.3cm

30.5N, 168E 55.5cm 80.9cm

33N, 170E 87.0cm 79.2cm

33N, 168E 75.5cm 89.9cm

31.5N, 169E 70.0cm 76.9cm

Locus 8: Terracotta dump from a previous excavation

168E, 32N 70.5cm 76.3cm

168E, 30.5N 55.5cm 72.1cm

169E, 30.5N 70.3cm 71.4cm

169E, 32N 70.0cm 70.5cm

120

121

Locus 9: Pinkish soil with heavy concentrations of plaster and carbon loose in texture

33N, 168E 79.2cm 95.5cm

33N, 170E 89.9cm 97.5cm

30.5N, 168E 80.9cm 93.4cm

30.5N, 170E 73.3cm 98.7cm

31.5N, 169E 76.9cm 97.7cm

Locus 10: Galestra packing with bottom of the section cut taken below the tile fall, grey rocky with patches of yellow

30.5N, 171E 99.5cm 99.5cm

30.5N, 170E 98.0cm 98.0cm

32.40N, 171E 99.0cm 99.0cm

32.40N, 170E 94.5cm 94.5cm

Locus Matrix

Drawing

122

123

Final Trench Summary for T-18 2001

The primary goal of trench T-18 for the 2001 season was to obtain a stratigraphic picture of the relationship between the Archaic tripartite structure and the Upper Building, but due to the small amount of soil preserved in the area, this was not accomplished. An unusual rock feature was revealed however during excavation and this feature should be further explored in following seasons in order to determine its date and function. It does appear as though this rock feature rests on a packing of galestra and a tile fall was uncovered to the south of the rock feature which most likely dates to the Archaic period but has not been detered this season. The tile fall stops at the feature and some of the tile appear to be pushed against the feature itself. It is recommended that excavations continue in this area to determine the size of this rock feature and its association with other structures in the vicinity and to further explore the area of the tile fall to determine whether it is associated with the Upper Building, Archaic tripartite structure or the rock feature itself.

Property or Relation Value(s)
Temporal Coverage
[Standard: Dublin Core Terms]
Editorial Note

Open Context editors work with data contributors to annotate datasets to shared vocabularies, ontologies, and other standards using 'Linked Open Data' (LOD) methods.

The annotations presented above approximate some of the meaning in this contributed data record to concepts defined in shared standards. These annotations are provided to help make datasets easier to understand and use with other datasets.

Suggested Citation

Kristin L. Hostetler. "KLH IV (2001-07-16):1-123 from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 18/2001, ID:459". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/documents/815db115-8bca-4964-ace0-7d590acfae4e>

Editorial Status

●●●○○
Managing editor reviewed

Part of Project

Murlo

Mapping Data

Copyright License

Attribution 4.0

To the extent to which copyright applies, this content carries the above license. Follow the link to understand specific permissions and requirements.
Required Attribution: Citation and reference of URIs (hyperlinks)