Open Context

Bone Summary

Bone Summary

In 2007, T-45 yielded a lot of bone.  Locus 4 and 7 had the most and Locus 3, 9, & 11 also produced lots of bone.  Locus 13, 15, 16, & 17 contained no bone at all, which makes sense since Locus 13 & 15 were rock features and 16 wasn\'t excavated after it was declared.  Locus 17 contained no bone, but it was excavted for only half a day and also had little pottery.  Locus 3 & 4 seem to correspond to the Archaic period and the leveling of the Piano del Tesoro in preperation for building the Archaic complex, while Locus 7 & 11 seem to be associated the burn layer.  The burn layer (Locus 7 & 11) and the preceding dark layers (Locus 6 & 9) produced very large quantities of bone and may indicate that T-45 stood near some sort of a food preperation or meat processing area.

This conclusion can only be made tentativly, especially since most of the bone appears to be split or broken and contains little evidence of butchering.  Five pieces of butchered bone

were found and distinguished among the 10,192 pieces of bone recovered from the entire trench.  These can be seen in trenchbook JPB-V pages 37 (Find #1), 43 (Find #1), pg 11 (Find #4 and catalogue # 20070058 ) and on pages 4(find #1) and 63(Find #7) of this trenchbook.  Two of the five pieces of butchered bone came from Locus 2.

T-45 also produced a number of worked bone or antler products.  These include catalogue finds # 20070077 (bone with drill holes), 20070117 (carved bone fragment), 20070200 (worked antler), and 20070346 (shell bead).  The first two came from Locus 4 while the others came from Locus 11.

Most of the bone recovered from T-45 was broken, either horizontally or vertically, and probably averaged about 5 cm in length, but there were fragments as large as 15-20 cm long, which must have come from fairly large animals.  Several teeth, jawbones, tusks, and even a complete front portion of a lower jawbone were extracted.

Locus: Bone Count (pieces)

  • 1:  114
  • 2:  331
  • 3:  1146
  • 4:  1873

Locus:  Bone Count (pieces)

  • 5:  373
  • 6:  409
  • 7:  2355
  • 8:  77
  • 9:  1245
  • 10:  133
  • 11:  1185
  • 12:  11
  • 13:  0
  • 14:  11
  • 15:  0
  • 16:  0
  • 17:  0
  • 18:  4
  • Baulk Trim: 925

Total:  10,192 pieces of bone

Property or Relation Value(s)
Temporal Coverage
[Standard: Dublin Core Terms]
Editorial Note

Open Context editors work with data contributors to annotate datasets to shared vocabularies, ontologies, and other standards using 'Linked Open Data' (LOD) methods.

The annotations presented above approximate some of the meaning in this contributed data record to concepts defined in shared standards. These annotations are provided to help make datasets easier to understand and use with other datasets.

Suggested Citation

Joseph R. Vansuch. "JRV I (2007-08-04):159-164; Bone Summary from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 45/2007, ID:584". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/documents/81bbbf03-ae07-4b80-af63-1c7c0195e0cf>

Editorial Status

●●●○○
Managing editor reviewed

Part of Project

Murlo

Mapping Data

Copyright License

Attribution 4.0

To the extent to which copyright applies, this content carries the above license. Follow the link to understand specific permissions and requirements.
Required Attribution: Citation and reference of URIs (hyperlinks)