Open Context

Pottery Summary

229

The pottery from T23:1979 extentions consists of four basic types - 1)Orange [red] ware, 2)course ware, 3)bucchero, and 4) gray ware.  It is notable that the extent of the pottery found varied from meter to meter within the trench as well as from layer to layer.  Meters GG-HH/13-14, for example, contained a large quantity of pottery [ten complete profiles - see page 172] while other meters contained only a few sherds.  The majority

of the pottery found in T23: 1979 extentinos was found in the tile layer.  Some pottery was found in the burn layers and the yellow-gray layer.

Ten complete profiles were excavated from T23:

1979 extentions:

  • a) GG-HH/14
  • [Tile Layer]c.80 cms in depth
  • Large course ware pot
  • Book III, p 171: #5 [not catalogued in 1979]
  • b) GG-14
  • [Tile Layer]c.60 cms in depth
  • Orange ware stemmed bowl
  • Book III, p 171: #4(79-199)
  • c) GG-13
  • [Tile Layer]c.60 cms in depth
  • Orange ware bowl
  • Book III, p 165: #4 [not catalogued in 1979]

  • d) GG-14
  • [Tile Layer]c.60 cms in depth
  • small orange ware bowl
  • Book III, p 171: #6 [not catalogued in 1979]

  • e) GG-13
  • [Tile Layer]c.60 cms in depth
  • small orange course ware (terracotta) pot
  • Book III, p 169: #3 (79-204)

  • f) HH-15
  • [Tile Layer]c.60 cms in depth
  • fine impasto cup
  • Book III, p 175: #1 (79-222)

  • g) GG-13
  • [Tile Layer]c.60 cms in depth
  • large orange course ware [terracotta] pot
  • Book III, p 71: #12 [not catalogued in 1979]

  • h) GG-13
  • [Tile Layer]c.60 cms in depth
  • orange ware pot with handles
  • Book III, p 165: #3 [not catalogued in 1979]

  • i) GG-13
  • [Tile Layer]c.60 cms in depth
  • orange ware stemmed plate
  • Book III, p 113: #14 (79-164)

  • j) GG-13
  • [Tile Layer]c.60 cms in depth
  • large orange course ware [terracota] pot
  • Book III, p 165: #2 [not catalogued in 1979]

Three vessels were excavated which preserve profiles which are almost complete.

  • a)HH-13
  • [Tile Layer]c.60 cms in depth
  • orange ware stemmed plated [fragment of foot is missing]
  • Book III, p 195: #13 [not catalogued in 1979]

  • b)A-AA/15
  • [Tile Layer]c.50 cms in depth
  • bucchero kantharos [fragment of foot is missing]
  • Book III, p 103: #4 and p. 131: #4 (79-127)

  • c)EE-16
  • [Tile Layer]c.60 cms in depth
  • bucchero stemmed plate [fragments of rim and foot are missing]
  • In M.C. Box II: 1979

1. Orangeware - Orangeware is a common pottery type in T23: 1979 extentions.  Both course orangeware and fine orangeware were found throughout the area excavated.  Rims, Belly fragments, and bases in a variety of shapes and sizes were frequent.  Five complete profiles of orangeware vessels were excavated.  Incised, stamped, and molded decoratin is not common in this pottery type.

2.Courseware [Murlo terracotta] - Courseware and impasto are also common pottery types in T23: 1979 Extentions.  Rims, belly fragments, and bases in a variety of shapes and sizes were frequent.  Five complete profiles of course ware [Murlo terracotta] and impasto vessels were excavated.  Decoration on this pottery type is limited to incised lines around the rims of several fragments of cups and bowls.

3. Bucchero- Bucchero is also a common pottery type in T23: 1979 Extentions.  Although no complete profiles of this type were excavated, fragments from both fine, high-fried bucchero vases and thick, bucchero pesante vases were found throughout the trench.  these fragments belong to both large and small vases.  The most common shape is the kantharos.  Not only was most of a bucchero kantharos found [Book II, p. 103: 19790127

19790127
], but many other kantharos rim, belly, handle, and foot fragments were found.  Also notable is a large part of a bucchero plate and a fragment of a small bucchero pyxis [p. 145: #6].

incised, stamped, and molded bucchero is common in T23: 1979 Extentinos.  Much of this was found in meters A-BB/15-16.  Incised decoration consists mainly of linear patterns.  Stamped decoration consists of animal and vegal motifs.  Notable are the following: stamped animals grazing in high vegetation

[Book II, p. 173: 19790172

19790172
], stamped sphinxes [Book II, p. 173: #4], stamped griffins [Book II, p. 109: 79-9], stamped volutes [Book II, p. 173: 79-157], and stamped circles [Book II, p. 187: 19790119
19790119
].  Molded decoration consists mainly of ribbing [Book III, p. 129: #16 and p. 207: #2].

4. Gray ware - Gray ware is not a common pottery type in T23: 1979 Extentions.  Only a few strawberry boxes of Gray ware were excavated from the entire trench - most of these sherds are from fairly fine and delicate bowls with ornate handles.

In addition to the Orange ware, course ware, bucchero, and gray ware described above, T23: 1979 Extentions produced some painted pottery and some interesting soft, yellow, and gray fabric.  the painted pottery consists mainly of belly fragments which preserve red banding on a light background.

The soft yellow and gray fabric is particularly notable.  Fragments from four araballoi were excavated from T23: 1979 Extentions.  One is the lip, neck handle, and belly of a small, soft yellow ware araballos [Book III, p.193: #10].  the second and third are fragments from the lip, neck, and belly of two small, soft gray ware araballoi.  At one time, both of these were painted - today, one of these preserves a painted star pattern on its lip [Book III, p. 201: #6].  The fourth araballos fragment is the neck and belly of a small yellow ware araballos [Book II, p.107: #5].  Three of these araballoi were found within a meter of each other.

Property or Relation Value(s)
Temporal Coverage
[Standard: Dublin Core Terms]
Editorial Note

Open Context editors work with data contributors to annotate datasets to shared vocabularies, ontologies, and other standards using 'Linked Open Data' (LOD) methods.

The annotations presented above approximate some of the meaning in this contributed data record to concepts defined in shared standards. These annotations are provided to help make datasets easier to understand and use with other datasets.

Suggested Citation

Matthew Caras. "MC III (1979-08-05):229-241; Pottery Summary from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 23 Extension/1980, ID:391". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/documents/8388e142-6d1c-40a6-baaf-bc9940ec65d0>

Editorial Status

●●●○○
Managing editor reviewed

Part of Project

Murlo

Mapping Data

Copyright License

Attribution 4.0

To the extent to which copyright applies, this content carries the above license. Follow the link to understand specific permissions and requirements.
Required Attribution: Citation and reference of URIs (hyperlinks)