In 1991, a master grid system was established for the entire site of Poggio Civitate. A baseline was created running east-west, through the Piano del Tesoro and into the Civitate A and B areas of the site. In order to shoot this baseline, brush had to be cleared from Civitate B. While clearing brush, several semi-ovular rock formations were revealed in Civitate B. Some of these formations were excavated, in order to better understand their nature and their relationship to other, known architectural features (see TT 1 1991 ). Based on the size and shape of these rock features and the pottery found inside of the rock features, these appear to be small tombs dateable to the 6th century BC.
Additionally, in 1992, a well, also dated to the 6th century BC, was discovered in Civitate A, approximately 30 meters east of where some of the first rock formations were discovered. The presence of this well indicates that this part of the site may have been inhabited during the 6th century BC and numerous trenches have been opened near this well in order to look for houses, huts, or any other architectural features that
would indicate occupation of this area of the site (see CA 42).
The rock features that were exposed and explored are all located in the northern area of Civitate B, close to the 6th century BC well located in Civitate A. In 2010, two trenches were opened in the northern areas of Civitate B (see CB 36, and CB 37) in order to hopefully locate and explore more semi-ovular rock formations or to find evidence of permanent residences in this area.
Additionally, Civitate B is located on a higher elevation than both Civitate A and Piano del Tesoro. As such, it is not possible that the materials recovered during previous excavations of Civitate B or surface finds located during an initial walkthrough of the area in 2010 eroded to this location; instead, such ancient material had to be intentionally deposited in Civitate B, suggesting that this part of Poggio Civitate was the scene of human activity during the time of the ancient occupation of the site.
Thus far in the 2010 season numerous trenches (CB 35, CB 38, and CB 39) were opened in the southern area of Civitate B. These trenches have so far uncovered rock cappings with deposited material (architectural terracottas and ceramics) typical of the Archaic period. It was therefore decided to open CB 40 and CB 41 to further explore the extent of these features. CB 41 is located to the south-east of CB 35, CB 38, and CB 39. CB 35 is located at the highest part of the southern area of Civitate B, and CB 41 is located ca. 50m north east down the slope of this high point.
The goals for the excavation of CB 41 for the 2010 season are:
1) To explore for evidence of habitation on the western side of Poggio Civitate
2) To investigate this area of the site that has not been fully explored, in particular to gain a better understanding of the topography and stratigraphy of Civitate B.
3) To search for the north-eastern extent of the features uncovered so far in CB 35, CB 38 and CB 39.
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