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The intended method of excavation will be to break up soil using the pointed end of a pick-axe.  For strata that contain an abundance of material soil will be removed in the trench directly into buckets.  If the amount of material is too great to pick axe, then trowels will be used to break up the soil.  However, depending on what is uncovered in CA, the method of excavation may change, as the trench and material found in it dictate the method of excavation.

Tile and plaster will be counted by bowls.  The bowl used for counting these materials had a diameter of 36 cm and a maximum depth of 10 cm.  Once tile and plaster have been counted, they will be discarded in a tile dump, which will be established approximately 10 m north of the trench.

Pottery and bone will be counted individually and brought down from the hill in latte boxes.  For any special finds recovered from the trench co-ordinates and elevations

will be taken.

In order to determine the co-ordinates a plumb bomb will be held over the location of the special find, and then the distance from two of the baulk walls will be determined by extending a tape measure at a right angle from the string of the plumb bob to the string marking the boundaries of the trench.  In order to determine the elevation of special finds, once again a plumb bob will be held over the find spot of the special find.  Simultaneously, a string with a line level will be attached to a fixed datum point and will be pulled taught and level, so that it intersects with the string of the plumb bob and the elevation relative to the datum point may then be determined.  As the elevation of the datum point on the master grid system is known, the absolute elevation of any special find may then be determined.

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Suggested Citation

Eóin M. O'Donoghue. "EMO IV (2013-06-26):11-14; Methodology from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Civitate A/Civitate A79/2013, ID:664". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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