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Daily Log

25

June 14, 1974

Red Wall Area

Work continued this morning by clearing the red soil from the foundation stones in grid H 1/2.  The Red Wall foundations in this area presumably rest directly over the southeast corner of the Upper Building.  A profile will be left at H 1/2 -- a vertical cut through the Red Wall, Red Wall foundations, and Lower Building wall.

The construction of the Red Wall is the same here as elsewhere -- rough and slightly irregular with most of the stones placed along the outside faces of the wall.  The cut through the wall ( see p. 17 ) shows the depth of these foundations (c. 30 cm). and the fact that larger stones seem to have been placed at the bottom with smaller and less compacted ones above.  This remains to be proven when the rest of the wall is removed.

The stratum below these Red Wall foundation stones in grid I-1, called "B", show signs of heavy burning -- there is a concentration of carbon and small burnt pieces of wall plaster or brick.  However, this burned stratum (clearly Lower Building debris) does not continue entirely below the Red Wall, but rather seems to end along a N-S line halfway through.  On the other side of this line (i.e., to the east), the soil is yellowish-brown clay with a few tiny specks of carbon -- "C".

This division is clear not only in soil types, but also in terms of pottery.  Many fragile pieces of bucchero were found in the western half of this cut within the burned stratum "B" and near the heavy carbon (i.e., within the LB); whereas there was practically no pottery in the eastern part.

(These bucchero feet pieces were extremely fragile and in numerous tiny fragments; hence they were put in bags and stored in the RS pottery box.)

Some pithos fragments were found in the "B" stratum of grid I-1, no doubt belonging to the pithoi uncovered by ER in grids H-K 0-1 in 1972.

After removing the destruction debris, we proceeded to remove the soil covering the LB foundations in grid I 1/2.  The soil lying above these foundations is a brownish sandy clay containing very little of anything -- a couple bones, one pithos fragment with decorated rim, and one small piece of plain bucchero.

The profile ( ) shows very clearly how the LB burned debris is contained by the LB wall; this debris continues right up to the western face of the LB wall foundations at a height of only a few centimeters above these stones.  This, as well as the level of the pithos base in grid H 0-1, suggests that the floor level of the LB was very close to the stone foundations -- at least in this particular corner.

In the afternoon, we began to remove the stones of the Red Wall foundations in grids J-K 1/2.  This area is to be excavated in horizontal strips as noted previously in order to observe the limits of the LB debris.  However, it should be noted that the earth to the east of the Red Wall (i.e., above the LB foundations) contains LB debris at a much higher level than the earth directly to the west of the Red Wall.

This fact was pointed out many times by E. Rystedt in 1972 and 1973.  Hence we should be able to see the division between the LB debris and the western face of the LB wall -- but not the division between the debris outside the LB and the eastern face of the LB wall.

19740014

19740019

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Suggested Citation

Jennifer Neils. "JN V (1974-06-14):25-37; Daily Log from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro Rectangle/Tesoro Rectangle 5/1974, ID:279". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/documents/92d11cfd-00e2-4011-8c09-b1a1d5cbe7d6>

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