Open Context

Pottery Summary

Locus

Pottery Total

Percentage

1 (2010)

37

5.44%

2 (2010)

127

18.68%

3 (2010)

67

9.85%

4 (2010)

20

2.94%

5 (2011)

9

1.32%

6 (2011)

23

3.38%

7 (2011)

2

0.29%

8 (2011)

90

13.24%

9 (2011)

18

2.65%

10 (2011)

25

3.68%

11 (2011)

52

7.65%

12 (2011)

46

6.76%

13 (2011)

27

3.97%

Baulk Trim (2011)

137

20.15%

Total Pottery: 680 sherds

Locus 1

Body

Rim

Base

Handle

Tondo

Total

Percentage

Medieval

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Coarseware

2

0

0

0

0

2

5.41%

Impasto

22

2

0

1

0

25

67.57%

Fine Impasto

8

2

0

0

0

10

27.02%

Bucchero

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Total: 37 sherds

Locus 2

Body

Rim

Base

Handle

Tondo

Total

Percentage

Medieval

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Coarseware

6

1

0

1

0

8

6.30%

Impasto

84

5

0

6

0

95

74.80%

Fine Impasto

22

1

0

1

0

24

18.90%

Bucchero

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Total: 127 sherds

Locus 3

Body

Rim

Base

Handle

Tondo

Total

Percentage

Medieval

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Coarseware

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Impasto

46

4

0

2

0

52

77.61%

Fine Impasto

14

1

0

0

0

15

22.39%

Bucchero

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Total: 67 sherds

Locus 4

Body

Rim

Base

Handle

Tondo

Total

Percentage

Medieval

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Coarseware

1

0

0

0

0

1

5%

Impasto

9

0

0

0

0

9

45%

Fine Impasto

8

0

0

1

1

10

50%

Bucchero

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Total: 20 sherds

Locus 5

Body

Rim

Base

Handle

Tondo

Total

Percentage

Medieval

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Coarseware

1

3

1

0

0

5

55.56%

Impasto

3

0

0

0

0

3

33.33%

Fine Impasto

1

0

0

0

0

1

11.11%

Bucchero

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Total: 9 sherds

Locus 6

Body

Rim

Base

Handle

Tondo

Total

Percentage

Medieval

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Coarseware

4

2

0

0

0

6

26.09%

Impasto

11

0

0

1

0

12

52.17%

Fine Impasto

5

0

0

0

0

5

21.74%

Bucchero

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Total: 23 sherds

Locus 7

Body

Rim

Base

Handle

Tondo

Total

Percentage

Medieval

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Coarseware

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Impasto

2

0

0

0

0

2

100%

Fine Impasto

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Bucchero

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Total: 2 sherds

Locus 8

Body

Rim

Base

Handle

Tondo

Total

Percentage

Medieval

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Coarseware

7

0

0

1

0

8

8.89%

Impasto

66

6

1

0

0

73

81.11%

Fine Impasto

8

0

1

0

0

9

10%

Bucchero

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Total: 90 sherds

Locus 9

Body

Rim

Base

Handle

Tondo

Total

Percentage

Medieval

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Coarseware

3

1

1

0

0

5

27.78%

Impasto

6

3

1

0

0

10

55.55%

Fine Impasto

2

1

0

0

0

3

16.67%

Bucchero

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Total: 18 sherds

Locus 10

Body

Rim

Base

Handle

Tondo

Total

Percentage

Medieval

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Coarseware

5

0

1

0

0

6

24%

Impasto

13

2

1

0

1

17

68%

Fine Impasto

2

0

0

0

0

2

8%

Bucchero

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Total: 25 sherds

Locus 11

Body

Rim

Base

Handle

Tondo

Total

Percentage

Medieval

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Coarseware

11

4

0

0

0

15

28.85%

Impasto

29

5

0

0

0

34

65.38%

Fine Impasto

3

0

0

0

0

3

5.77%

Bucchero

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Total: 52 sherds

Locus 12

Body

Rim

Base

Handle

Tondo

Total

Percentage

Medieval

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Coarseware

20

4

1

1

0

26

56.52%

Impasto

17

2

0

0

0

19

41.30%

Fine Impasto

1

0

0

0

0

1

2.18%

Bucchero

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Total: 46 sherds

Locus 13

Body

Rim

Base

Handle

Tondo

Total

Percentage

Medieval

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Coarseware

6

2

0

0

0

8

29.63%

Impasto

14

5

0

0

0

19

70.37%

Fine Impasto

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Bucchero

0

0

0

0

0

0

0%

Total: 27 sherds

Baulk Trim

Body

Rim

Base

Handle

Tondo

Total

Percentage

Medieval

4

0

0

0

0

4

2.92%

Coarseware

13

8

1

1

0

23

16.79%

Impasto

75

15

2

1

0

93

67.88%

Fine Impasto

13

0

2

1

0

16

11.68%

Bucchero

1

0

0

0

0

1

0.73%

Total: 137 sherds

CB-38 yielded relatively little pottery for such a large and deep trench. Approximately 63% of the total pottery recovered from CB-38 occurred in 2011, in Loci 5-13 and in Baulk Trim. Of the loci excavated this year, Locus 8 , which was comprised of a previously unexcavated section in the southwest corner of the trench, by far yielded the most pottery, with 90 sherds or 13.24% of the total pottery having been recovered from this locus; baulk trim yielded more pottery than any single locus in 2011, with 137 sherds or 20.15% of the total pottery recovered having been found in baulk trim. In addition, a relatively large proportion of pottery was recovered from Locus 11 (52 sherds or 7.65% of the total pottery recovered) and from Locus 12 (46 sherds or 6.76% of the total pottery recovered). Impasto was the most common fabric type found in CB-38, although a fairly large quantity of coarseware was recovered from CB-38 as well. Furthermore, no chronologically diagnostic pottery was recovered from CB-38 in 2011, making the dating of the trench difficult.

Locus 5 , which was comprised of a previously unexcavated rock feature located along the eastern baulk of the trench, yielded only 9 sherds of pottery, 5 of which were coarseware. This is peculiar as Locus 5 is similar to Locus 6 , a second unexcavated rock feature located to the south of Locus 5 , in the southeastern corner of the trench. 23 sherds of pottery were found in Locus 6 , 12 of which were impasto and only 6 of which were coarseware. Furthermore, Locus 11 , which was comprised of a similar rock feature, yielded 52 sherds of pottery, a number

substantially larger than the total amount of pottery recovered in either Locus 5 or Locus 6 ; however, the proportion of impasto to coarseware and fine impasto is similar to that of Locus 6 . These numbers are slightly lower than the findings from 2010, when Locus 3 , another rock feature, yielded 67 pottery sherds or 26.80% of all pottery recovered in 2010; the pottery recovered from Loci 5 , 6 , and 11 comprises 19.53% of all pottery recovered in 2011.

The loci comprised of topsoil, Locus 7 and Locus 9 , both yielded very little pottery. Only 2 sherds of pottery were recovered from Locus 7 , which was topsoil originating from a previously unexcavated area in the southwestern corner of the trench; both of these two sherds were impasto. 18 sherds were recovered from Locus 9 , 10 of which were impasto. In total, only 4.65% of the total pottery recovered in 2011 came from topsoil.

Locus 8 , a dark brown claylike soil located in a previously unexcavated area in the southwest corner of the trench, by far yielded the most pottery of any single locus; of the 430 sherds of pottery recovered in 2011, 90 sherds, or 20.93%, came from this locus. This is in accordance with the 2010 findings, as Locus 8 is equivalent to Locus 2 , which yielded 127 sherds of pottery or 50.80% of all pottery recovered in 2010. In both Locus 2 and Locus 8 , the vast majority of pottery recovered was impasto, with much smaller amounts of coarseware and fine impasto having been found.

An extremely claylike, dark grayish-blue colored soil, with an oily appearance was found in CB-38 in 2010 and 2011 and this soil is represented by Loci 4 , 10 , and 12 , all three of which yielded relatively little pottery. Only 20 sherds of pottery were found in Locus 4 , 25 sherds in Locus 10 , and 46 in Locus 12 , totaling 91 sherds or 13.38% of all pottery recovered from CB-38 in 2010 and 2011. In general, impasto was the most common fabric type recovered from these loci (45% of Locus 4 pottery, 68% of Locus 10 pottery, and 41.30% of Locus 12 pottery) but a fair amount of coarseware (5% of Locus 4 pottery, 24% of Locus 10 pottery, and 56.52% of Locus 12 pottery) and some fine impasto (50% of Locus 4 pottery, 8% of Locus 10 pottery, and 2.18% of Locus 12 pottery) was recovered from all three loci as well.

Locus 13 was a yellowish-olive colored soil that was uncovered in the eastern extension of the trench, underlying the dark grayish-blue, claylike soil of Locus 12 and only a small amount of pottery was recovered from Locus 13 in 2011; 27 sherds, or 6.28% of all pottery found in 2011, came from this locus. Of the little pottery recovered from Locus 13 , the vast majority was impasto (19 sherds) while all the remaining pottery was coarseware (8 sherds). The soil of Locus 13 in many ways resembles galestra, as it is yellow in color and slightly chalky, and so the presence of any archaeological material is suggestive and warrants further study.

Property or Relation Value(s)
Temporal Coverage
[Standard: Dublin Core Terms]
Editorial Note

Open Context editors work with data contributors to annotate datasets to shared vocabularies, ontologies, and other standards using 'Linked Open Data' (LOD) methods.

The annotations presented above approximate some of the meaning in this contributed data record to concepts defined in shared standards. These annotations are provided to help make datasets easier to understand and use with other datasets.

Suggested Citation

Fredrik G. Tobin. "FGT I (2011-08-04):211-224; Pottery Summary from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Civitate B/Civitate B 38/2011, ID:637". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/documents/990ced2d-71b0-4607-af1d-4a7e6be4bf6c>

Editorial Status

●●●○○
Managing editor reviewed

Part of Project

Murlo

Mapping Data

Copyright License

Attribution 4.0

To the extent to which copyright applies, this content carries the above license. Follow the link to understand specific permissions and requirements.
Required Attribution: Citation and reference of URIs (hyperlinks)