CA-36 Trench Summary
The primary reason for reexcavating CA-26 in the 1993 season was to explain the unusual regular stone formation which was uncovered in 1991. Stratigraphic information ( see p. 37 ) indicated that a depression or lens was evident immediately beneath the formation. The distinct and regular transition in the soil suggests an intentionally dug area. That is to say, the yellowish-brown soil was dug into and refilled with the medium brown soil and carbon. This supposition is supported by the fact that all material recovered from CA-26 came from the medium brown soil while nothing was found in the yellowish-brown soil.
Having defined the area thus far it is possible that the area was a midden or pozzo. While nothing specific was found to define hte area as a tomb, the presence of the regular stone capping would be highly unusual for a midden or trash pit. Moreover, many of the finds recovered within the area were in a generally excellent state of preservation, also unusual for a midden. However, since nothing clearly indicates another possibility, we may
tentatively conclude that the area in question was a midden. On the other hand, it must be noted that the area of medium brown fill soil clearly extends into the mostly unexcavated North 7 meters. It is therefore possible that a deposition lies slightly to the north and did not directly correspond to the area of the stone capping above.
However, if CA-36 was a midden, this then is clear evidence of a habitation area on the CA portion of Poggio Civitate. Many of the decorated ceramics and especially the bronze fibula suggest a date for this deposition slightly earlier than that associated with the Tesoro plateau to the east of CA-36. The material in CA-36 excavated this summer and in the 1991 season all indicate that further exploration of the immediate vicinity and while Civitate A flak is warranted.
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