Open Context

Monday, July 24 2017

AM

Work began by taking aerial photographs of the trench using a drone in order to have a clear, overhead view of the floor of EPOC4.  As it rained last night, there are a few wet spots on the floor of the trench where the water made it through holes in the tarp, however they should not seriously affect the quality of the photographs.  With Locus 7 closed, it was decided to open Locus 8.  Locus 8 will be an approximately 1.5 x 1.5 m rectangle directly to the north of the sounding dug through the floor of EPOC4 in T66 in 2016.  In Locus 8 we also will be excavating a sounding through the floor of EPOC4 in order to ascertain whether there was habitation in the area predating the construction of EPOC4.  Opening elevations of Locus 8 were taken Friday afternoon and opening photos were taken this morning.  Locus 8 was opened.

Opening elevations: Locus 8

  • 107E/41S: 26.59m A.E.
  • 108.50E/41S: 26.67m A.E.
  • 108.50E/43.68S: 26.53m A.E.
  • 107E/43.68S: 26.45m A.E.

We began excavating Locus 8 using handpicks and trowels.  The soil is hard packed but relatively fine once loosened.  It is light brown to pinkish-red in color with significant plaster inclusions and some charcoal inclusions as well.  Soil is being hand sorted into buckets in the trench.  The first five buckets will be screened through a 1cm gauge sieve and then sent down for flotation.  The rest of the soil will be screened through 1 cm and 2 mm gauge sieves.  In beginning to section through the floor, we immediately found five fragments of vitrified terracotta (Finds #68-72).  We now will be bulk finding vitrified terracotta.  Further excavation also revealed five fragments of slag (Finds #74, 77, 78, 80, and 81).  We now will be bulk finding slag.  Other artifacts revealed in excavation include a crucible fragment (Find #75), a piece of fenestrated pottery (Find #76), and a fragment of an impasto rectangular prism (Find #79).

Excavation continued in Locus 8.  In the western half of the locus, a deep red soil is beginning to appear beneath the surface of the floor, while on the eastern edge of the locus a large concentration of charcoal is coming up.  The highest concentration of plaster appears to be in the northern part of the locus, and a large chunk of plaster with impressions (Find #82) was discovered.  Continued excavation recovered more crucible fragments (Finds #84 and 85), and a small bronze flake (Find #86), while sieving recovered a piece of possibly diagnostic bone (Find #83).

Special Finds:

Find #68

  • Locus 8
  • 107.42E/43.31S
  • 26.47m A.E.
  • Vitrified terracotta

Find #69

  • Locus 8
  • 108.37E/42.52S
  • 26.61m A.E.
  • Vitrified terracotta

Find #70

  • Locus 8
  • 107.28E/43.13S
  • 26.48m A.E.
  • Vitrified terracotta

Find #71

  • Locus 8
  • 107.58E/43.36S
  • 26.45m A.E.
  • Vitrified terracotta

Find #72

  • Locus 8
  • 108.21E/42.68S
  • 26.59m A.E.
  • Vitrified terracotta

Find #73

  • Locus 8
  • 107.58E/43.36S
  • 26.43m A.E.
  • Tooth fragment

Find #74

  • Locus 8
  • 107.30E/43.13S
  • 26.45m A.E.
  • Slag

Find #75

  • Locus 8
  • 108.27E/42.89S
  • 26.51m A.E.
  • Crucible fragment

Find #76

  • Locus 8
  • 108.36E/42.78S
  • 26.52m A.E.
  • Fenestrated pottery fragment

Find #77

  • Locus 8
  • 107.59E/43.35S
  • 26.45m A.E.
  • Slag

Find #78

  • Locus 8
  • 107.17E/43.10S
  • 26.49m A.E.
  • Slag

Find #79

  • Locus 8
  • 108.37E/42.77S
  • 26.58m A.E.
  • Impasto rectangular prism fragment

Find #80

  • Locus 8
  • 108.22E/42.71S
  • 26.57m A.E.
  • Slag

Find #81

  • Locus 8
  • 108.26E/42.73S
  • 26.54m A.E.
  • Slag

Find #82

  • Locus 8
  • 108.12E/42.15S
  • 26.57m A.E.
  • Plaster with impressions

Find #83

  • Sieve find
  • Locus 8
  • 107-108.5E/41-43.68S
  • 26.67-26.42m A.E.
  • Diagnostic(?) bone

Find #84

  • Locus 8
  • 108.11E/42.28S
  • 26.59m A.E.
  • Crucible fragment

Find #85

  • Locus 8
  • 108.25E/42.31S
  • 26.54m A.E.
  • Crucible fragment (3 pieces)

Find #86

  • Locus 8
  • 108.31E/42.28S
  • 26.57m A.E.
  • Bronze flake

PM

We continued the excavation of Locus 8 using hand picks and trowels, hand sorting into buckets and screening all soil.  Excavation recovered a piece of slag that was special found due to its extraordinary size (Find #87).  Also discovered were a small piece of bronze (Find #88) and another crucible fragment (Find #89).  Most of the crucible fragments appear to be coming from the northeast corner of the locus where the dark, charcoal-filled soil is located.

Work was discontinued around 1:30PM due to rain.

Special Finds:

Find #87

  • Locus 8
  • 108.18E/42.31S
  • 26.55m A.E.
  • Slag

Find #88

  • Locus 8
  • 108.20E/42.54S
  • 26.55m A.E.
  • Bronze

Find #89

  • Locus 8
  • 108.35E/42.38S
  • 26.51m A.E.
  • Crucible fragment

Find #90

  • Pottery box find
  • Locus 8
  • 107-108.5E/41-43.68S
  • 26.67-26.42m A.E.
  • Crucible fragment

Locus 8:

  • Tile and plaster: 1 bowl
  • Pottery: 26 sherds
  • Bone: 4 fragments
  • Slag: 40 fragments
  • Vitrified terracotta: 27 fragments

 

Find #91

  • Tile bowl find
  • Locus 8
  • 107-108.5E/41-43.68S
  • 26.67-26.42m A.E.
  • Crucible fragment

Find #92

  • Tile bowl find
  • Locus 8
  • 107-108.5E/41-43.68S
  • 26.67-26.42m A.E.
  • Crucible fragment

Find #93

  • Tile bowl find
  • Locus 8
  • 107-108.5E/41-43.68S
  • 26.67-26.42m A.E.
  • Terracotta tile with vitrified material
Descriptive Variable Value(s)
Document Type Trench Book Entry
Start Page 115
End Page 130
Trench Book Entry Date 2017-07-24
Entry Year 2017
Trench T90
Title T90 (KRK) excavation, p. 115-130
Entry Type Excavation
Property or Relation Value(s)
Temporal Coverage
[Standard: Dublin Core Terms]
Editorial Note

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The annotations presented above approximate some of the meaning in this contributed data record to concepts defined in shared standards. These annotations are provided to help make datasets easier to understand and use with other datasets.

Suggested Citation

Katharine R. Kreindler. "T90 (2017-07-24):115-130; Excavation from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 90/T90 2017". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/documents/c4cf54bd-531d-4238-a4f7-1a29f8bf2917>

Editorial Status

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Managing editor reviewed

Part of Project

Murlo

Mapping Data

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