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Introduction

Introduction

In 1991, a master grid was established for the entire site of Poggio Civitate. An origin, or 0,0 point on the grid, was established in Civitate A and an east-west axis was created that ran into room PC 6 of the Archaic Building (see TT I ). In order to establish this east-west axis, the area of Civitate B, which is adjacent to Civitate A, was cleared and in the process, a number of ovoid-shaped stone clusters were revealed and subsequently excavated in 1992 and 1996 (see EN IV , JAL I , and TT I ). These ovoid stone clusters surrounded an area of softer, loosely-packed earth and upon investigation, appeared to be tombs that had been robbed in antiquity; although these features had been looted, enough pottery still remained to date these features to the 6 th century BCE.

Given the proximity of Civitate B and the ovoid stone features to the archaic-period well (see TT I ), a number of trenches were opened in both Civitate A and Civitate B to not only reveal more ovoid stone features, but also to try and uncover evidence of non-elite habitation that may have occurred in the area (see AJC I , AEG II ). To date, no trenches in either Civitate A or B have revealed definitive evidence of non-elite habitation, but efforts continue to try and locate such an area of the site.

In 2010, before the start of the excavation season, landowners deforested a large area of Civitate B, revealing this section of the hill and its topography in greater detail than ever before. Therefore, it was decided to open three trenches in Civitate B, two approximately 30 meters west of the origin point and the archaic period well (CB 36, CB 37, see ARR I and DWM III ) and a test trench further south, in a previously unexplored section of Civitate B where the elevation is higher than that of the Piano del Tesoro (CB 35, see KRK V ), in order to better explore the area and possibly uncover evidence either of non-elite habitation or more archaic period burials. CB 36 and CB 37 yielded little material and no evidence of either burials or habitation, but CB 35 yielded a fair amount of material associated with the destruction of the Archaic Building. Therefore, four additional trenches, CB 38-41, were opened to the north and east of CB 35 (see FGT I for CB 38, ARR II for CB 39, KEH/TMO II for CB 40, and EMO II for CB 41). While CB 40 and CB 41 yielded little material or any information regarding burial or habitation, what appears to be a depositional pit associated with the destruction of the Archaic Building was uncovered in CB 39 (see ARR II ) and approximately 7 meters to the north of this deposition pit, a deposit of dark, clay-like soil containing high concentrations of organic remains was

uncovered in CB 38 (see FGT I, Locus 4 ). Neither trench was excavated to completion in 2010 and work continues in 2011.

In 2011, in addition to CB 38 and CB 39 being reopened, 4 other trenches will be opened in the vicinity of CB 38 and CB 39, with one trench located directly between CB 38 and CB 39, to further clarify the relationship between the organic deposit in CB 38 and the depositional pit in CB 39 (see CO VI , CB 42). The other two new trenches being opened this season (CB 43 and CB 44, AJC II and AEG III ) will be opened in order to find the extent of these features that are contemporary with the Archaic period complex.

CB 38 will be reopened in 2011 for the following reasons:

1. To better reveal the stratigraphy and topography of Civitate B.

2. To further uncover and better understand the organic deposit discovered in 2010.

3. To clarify the relationship between the organic deposit of CB 38 and the archaic deposition pit found in CB 39.

4. To search for evidence of non-elite habitation.

5. To better understand how this area of the site was used in antiquity.

In 2011, the trench will be excavated by Katharine Kreindler, Christina Cabrera, and Joshua Hyden.

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Suggested Citation

Fredrik G. Tobin. "FGT I (2011-07-08):89-94; Introduction from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Civitate B/Civitate B 38/2011, ID:637". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/documents/c5a89a70-29a0-4d22-b1f6-4a47ef08b0cf>

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Murlo

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