Open Context

26 July 2016

26 July 2016

of detail in loci 4 , 6 , and 14

The morning began with defining the tile packing in Locus 6 and picking in the northwest section of Locus 15 . A detail photo was taken of the material in Locus 6 and then picking continued in the southern 30cm of Locus 6 . In Locus 15 picking began in the first meter of the northwest area. Dirt is being sorted by hand into buckets. The dirt is a dense brown clay with inclusions of decaying green and yellow bedrock which appears as flecks in the clay. The soil has a medium amount of material such as tile, impasto, coarseware, and a few small to medium rocks. Picking has continued south with two pickpasses south in the north south section of

Locus 15 . The soil remains clay like and material of tile and pottery continue to be found. Sorting has continued by hand with trowels and dustpans being used to scrape the level of the locus. Tile ranges from slightly worn to pitted and very worn. Picking continues in Locus 15 with a pickpass in the north west section of Locus 15 . It was decided to return to picking in the north south section instead of the east west section of Locus 15 in order to allow VT-11 and VT-12 space for lowering the level of the trenches in order to better understand the wall. A pickpass was done in the northwest meter of locus 15 next to locus 14 and 5 . Worn tile and impasto continue to be found. Picking continues in the southern 30cm of Locus 6 . Medium amounts of tile and pottery are being recovered, as well as small amounts of bone. Terracotta from the tile packing is being removed slowly in order to see if there are other layers of terracotta underneath. The soil remains a brown clay. A tooth (special find #1) was also found in a pickpass of the area.

Special Find #1


Locus 6

304.34 ma sl

19.64 m west

2.13 m south

More material, tile, pottery, and bone, is being recovered beneath the visible tile packing in Locus 6. Picking continues throughout the entire section of Locus 15 working south. In the north pockets of a dense grey clay that is more friable than the brown has been excavated. Picking continues south in order to discover if the grey clay continues. While dumping the tile bowl of Locus 6 a piece of ridge pole tile (special find #2) was found.

Special Find #2

Ridge pole tile

Locus 6

304.23 ma sl

1.96 m south

20.27 m west

Picking continues in the north south section of Locus 15. It was decided that in order to drop the level of the trench that shovels would be used and soil sorted into wheelbarrows. While picking a diagnostic bone (special find #3) was found.

Special Find #3

Diagnostic bone

Locus 15

304.32 ma sl

20.19m west

3.61m south

In order to better understand the stratigraphy of the area, and to investigate the rock feature of locus 14 , it was decided to extend to the north 1m by 2m. Opening photos and elevations were taken and Locus 16 was opened as the tennis court fill in the extensions.

Locus 16 opening elevations

of trench with Locus 16 opening

Locus 16 opening elevations and coordinates

NW 305.41 ma sl ; 22.90m west; 1.25m south

NE 305.40 ma sl ; 21.92m west; 1.50m south

SE 305.35 ma sl ; 21.45m west; .50m south

SW 305.32 ma sl ; 22.46m west; .70m south

Picking was begun in Locus 16 in order to remove fill. In Locus 15 picking continued and soil is being shoveled and sorted into wheelbarrows. In the soil a thick terracotta brick was found and kept with the tile. In the central meter of the east west section of Locus 16 3 fragments of slipped pottery (special find #4) were found.

Special Find #4

Slipped pottery

Locus 15

304.48 ma sl L

21.21m west

1.96m south

Additionally a circular fragment of terracotta with two possible strips of slip were found (special find #5).

Special find #5

Terracotta with slip stripes

Locus 15

304.46 ma sl

22.01m west

3.68 m south



The afternoon began with a pickpass in the southern extent of Locus 15 . In this pickpass was found a piece of diagnostic bone with many associated fragments (special find #6).

Special find #6

Diagnostic bone

Locus 15

304.46 ma sl

19.95m west

3.46m south

Picking and shoveling continue in the extension ( Locus 16 ), in order to remove the fill associated with the tennis court fill. No material was found within the fill. The fill in the extension consisted of the hard packed stone layer and a very thin layer of brown clay which was not consistent throughout Locus 16. Once the fill was removed a layer of yellow and green decaying rock which slopes slightly from north to south, which was then opened as Locus 17 . As the slope is not dramatic see drawing for Locus 16 . Opening elevations and

photos were taken.

Locus 17 opening elevations

NW 304.94 ma sl

NE 304.94 ma sl

SE 304.89 ma sl

SW 304.89 ma sl

In Locus 15 picking continues in the north south section of the locus. A large amount of pottery in large fragments included in the locus includes a coarseware and impasto (with many body fragments, a few rims, and a few handles). A notched flange was found and kept with the tile, along with a very small fragment of vitrified terracotta which was saved with pottery. In sorting a piece of pottery with potential slip was found (special find #7).

Special Find #7

Possibly slipped pottery

Locus 15

304.46 ma sl

3.87 m south

20.67m west

A fineware base was found while picking, and when removed it revealed a pocket of brown clay. An additional pickpass was done in the area of the brown clay in order to reveal the extent of it. In the pickpass a piece of a black gloss base with incised and stamped decoration was found during shoveling (special find #8).

Special Find #8

Decorated black gloss

Locus 15

304.42 ma sl

4.24m south

20.70m west

Vdm 20165033

Another pickpass was completed in the easternmost extent of Locus 15 . In this pickpass was found perforated terracotta with paint (special find #9), a fragment of slipped pottery (special find #10), and a piece of slag (special find #11). Plaster is also being found in this area of the locus.

Special find #9

Perforated terracotta with paint

4 associated pieces

Locus 15

304.35 ma sl

19.42 m west

3.71 m south

Vdm 20165074

Special Find #10

Slipped pottery

Locus 15

304.42 ma sl

3.65 m south

19.65 m west

Special Find #11


Locus 15

304.43 ma sl

3.55 m south

19.73 m west

Daily totals:

Locus 6:

Terracotta 1 + \xbe bowls

Pottery 51 pcs.

Bone 30 pcs.

Locus 15 :

Terracotta 4 + \xbd bowls

Pottery 251 pcs. (7 lattes)

Locus 17 :

Terracotta 10 pcs. modern tile

Excavation was paused due to impending rain, but later continued. A pickpass was done in the north south area of

Locus 15 and then north into the corner of the locus. Brown clay was found in the southeastern area with a decaying rock level in the southwest. It was decided that due to time constraints the area west of the two linear rock features and the area between the two linear rock features would be focused on. A pickpass was done in the west of Locus 6 for the first meter of the locus. In the pickpass a black slip handle was found (special find #12).

Special find #12

Black slip handle

Locus 6

1.58 m south

20.67 m west

304.36 masl

Additionally a rounded piece of terracotta was found (special find #13).

Special find #13

Rounded terracotta

Locus 6

1.79 m south

21.04 m west

304.35 masl


Daily Totals:

Locus 6 :

Terracotta-2 + 3/4 bowls

Pottery-87 pcs.

Bone-71 pcs.

Locus 15 :

Terracotta-5 + 1/2 bowls

Pottery-279 pcs. (7 lattes)

Locus 17 :

Terracotta-10 pcs. modern tile

Property or Relation Value(s)
Temporal Coverage
[Standard: Dublin Core Terms]
Editorial Note

Open Context editors work with data contributors to annotate datasets to shared vocabularies, ontologies, and other standards using 'Linked Open Data' (LOD) methods.

The annotations presented above approximate some of the meaning in this contributed data record to concepts defined in shared standards. These annotations are provided to help make datasets easier to understand and use with other datasets.

Suggested Citation

Nora K. Donoghue. "VT 13 (2016-07-26):169-192; 26 July 2016 from Italy/Vescovado di Murlo/Upper Vescovado/Vescovado 13/2016, ID:723/Locus 5". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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Managing editor reviewed

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