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The main goal of excavations in the CD12 area was to locate and define a potential road surface associated with the pathlike feature running east-west through the forest in the Civitate D area.  An extremely hard-packed surface of soil and rocks was located at a very shallow depth just beneath the topsoil in CD12.  This was interpreted as a likely road surface, and followed northwest through the forest to the area immediately to the east of the east wall of the Archaic Building.  The feature appears to intersect the apparent terrace wall (excavated in 2005 - see SAR IV p.1 and AZF II p. 1 ).  It was also traced southeast (KRK I p. 1 )

Further goals were to determine the nature and date of the feature.  The sondage dropped in CD12D indicated that the rock and hard pack layer, which appears intentionally deposited, is about 10-15cm thick in that location and sits directly on bedrock.  Materials were recovered from above and within this layer, but they are currently inconclusive as to a date for this feature.  While it appears to be pathlike where it intersects the apparent terrace wall and east of (down the slope from) this intersection (an edge appears to have been found in CD14A - KRK I p. 15 ), in the area due east of the east wall of the Archaic Building, the feature appears to cover a larger area, not confined to a pathway (as evidenced in CD12B(an X1, X2, and X3) and its appearance in CD12F).

This discoverty of this hard-packed feature certainly warrants further exploration.  Future excavations should seek to fully define the extent of the feature and make further attempts to place it chronologically.

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Suggested Citation

Jillian M. Harrison. "JMH II (2005-08-01):118-119; Conclusion from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Civitate D/Civitate D 12/2005, ID:564". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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