Open Context

Friday, July 14 2017


We began working in both Locus 2 and Locus 3.  In Locus 2, we continued to remove olive brown soil, which is the same soil in which the stones of the N wall were contained.  Beneath this soil, we have begun to expose a beaten earth surface, likely associated with the rectilinear structure, in the western half of the locus; this surface was exposed yesterday in the E half of the locus.  The surface is hard-packed and compacted, with visible inclusions of tile and plaster.  There also are ceramic sherds and small rocks lying flat atop the surface.  Locus 2 soil continued to be hand sorted in the trench then passed through a 1cm gauge sieve.  We found moderate quantities of pottery and bone but little tile.  We also found two examples of teeth (Finds #13, 14).

We also removed the western wall of the rectilinear building.  The W wall was fragmentary - only four large stones were visibly preserved on the surface.  We removed the W wall and removed the soil holding the stones in place as Locus 3.  Like with the N wall, smaller stones were integrated amongst larger stones.  The soil containing the stones also is the same as in the N wall; soil is olive brown in color and claylike in texture.  We hand sorted soil in the trench then screened soil through a 1cm gauge sieve and collected the first five buckets as a sample for flotation.  Moderate quantities of pottery and bone, but little tile, was found.

In Locus 2, we continued to remove the olive green soil of Locus 2.  While excavating Locus 2, we recovered a ring-shaped bead (Find #15).  Additionally, as we removed olive brown soil from the northern area of the Locus 2 section, app. Between 105.50-106E, we began to uncover a cluster of small-to-medium sized stones.  These may be a continuation of the semicircular stone feature uncovered in the W section exposing the floor of EPOC4 made in 2016, although these new stones appear to be at a slightly higher elevation than those on EPOC4’s floor.  We will define these stones in order to clarify their shape and elevation.  We also may need to remove a further section to the N to fully expose this feature.  While defining this stone feature, we recovered a ridged impasto rim (Find #16) and a fragment of vitrified terracotta (Find #17).

Simultaneously, we worked in Locus 3, removing the olive brown soil that contained and underlay the stones of the W wall.  While working in Locus 3, we recovered a vertebra fragment (Find #18).  Additionally, while defining the possible rock feature of Locus 2, we recovered a sherd of decorated pottery (Find #19) that may join with Find #11.

Once all olive brown soil was removed from Locus 3, we decided to close the locus.  A darker, reddish-brown, mottled deposit was revealed beneath locus 3.  This likely is the beaten earth surface of the rectilinear building, although may be the surface of EPOC4.

Closing photos and elevations for Locus 3 were taken.

Special Finds

Find #13

  • Locus 2
  • 104.54E/41.72S
  • 26.59m A.E.
  • Teeth

Find #14

  • Locus 2
  • 105.68E/41.90S
  • 26.64m A.E.
  • Teeth

Find #15

  • Locus 2
  • 105.37E/42.10S
  • 26.60m A.E.
  • Bead

Find #16

  • Locus 2
  • 105.50E/41.85S
  • 26.61m A.E.
  • Ridged impasto rim

Find #17

  • Locus 2
  • 105.55E/41.62S
  • 26.58m A.E.
  • Vitrified terracotta

Find #18

  • Locus 3
  • 104.07E/43.74S
  • 26.44m A.E.
  • Vertebra

Find #19

  • Locus 2
  • 105.75E/41.52S
  • 26.66m A.E.
  • Decorated pottery

Closing Elevations: Locus 3

  • 104.16E/42.70S: 26.42m A.E.
  • 104.55E/42.77S: 26.41m A.E.
  • 104.63E/43.54S: 26.42m A.E.
  • 104.12E/44.15S: 26.41m A.E.
  • 103.68E/44.06S: 26.43m A.E.



We continued to remove the remaining olive brown soil of locus 2, exposing a mottled, compacted surface beneath most of the locus, while at the western edge of Locus 2, a darker deposit began to appear.  As we removed the remaining Locus 2 soil, we also defined a cluster of rocks.  They are delineated to the east and west and appear to extend into the northern wall of the Locus 2 cut.  Therefore, we will extend the section cut to the N.  Before sectioning N of Locus 2, we closed Locus 2.  Closing photos and elevations were taken.

Closing Elevations: Locus 2

  • 104.22E/41.33S: 26.59m A.E.
  • 105.65E/41.60S: 26.58m A.E.
  • 106.03E/41.60S: 26.65m A.E.
  • 106.10E/41.92S: 26.61m A.E.
  • 107.20E/42.13S: 26.64m A.E.
  • 107.20E/42.55S: 26.59m A.E.
  • 108.60E/42.63S: 26.62m A.E.
  • 108.64E/43.10S: 26.55m A.E.
  • 106.73E/43.34S: 26.59m A.E.
  • 106.67E/43.85S: 26.49m A.E.
  • 106.56E/43.88S: 26.51m A.E.
  • 106.60E/42.56S: 26.58m A.E.
  • 104.65E/42.50S: 26.54m A.E.

Once Locus 2 was closed, we decided to section through soil to the N of Locus 2, to more fully reveal the rock packing underlying Locus 2.  This section will be designated locus 4.  Opening photos and elevations for Locus 4 were taken.

Opening Elevations: Locus 4

  • 105.65E/41S: 26.86m A.E.
  • 106.50E/41S: 26.81m A.E.
  • 106.50E/42.05S: 26.73m A.E.
  • 106.10E/41.92S: 26.72m A.E.
  • 106.03E/41.60S: 26.72m A.E.
  • 105.65E/41.60S: 26.88m A.E.

While sorting through Locus 2 pottery, a ridged rim was found (Find #20).

Special Finds:

Find #20

  • Pottery box find
  • Locus 2
  • 104.22-106.10E/41.33-42S
  • 26.58-26.64m A.E.
  • Ridged bucchero rim

Diagram of Loci 2, 3, and 4

Work ended early for the long weekend.

Locus 2:

  • Tile: 17 fragments
  • Pottery: 82 sherds
  • Bone: 20 fragments

Locus 3:

  • Tile: 23 fragments
  • Pottery: 50 sherds
  • Bone: 6 fragments
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Suggested Citation

Katharine R. Kreindler. "T90 (2017-07-14):51-62; Excavation from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 90/T90 2017". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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