Civitate A is the area to the north of the main road leading to Piano del Tesoro, and makes up a large portion of the north slope of the hill west of the Archaic complex. Although the Civitate A area was the focus of intensive excavation during the early years of excavation at the site, exploratory excavations further to the west resulted in the discovery of roasting pits in CA 33 in 1990, sparking interest in Civitate AÂ’s western extent (see JB I and JB III).
In 1991 a series of test trenches were placed in the area to continue exploring the area. CA 37 contained what appeared to be a deposit containing full profiles of coarseware and impasto vessels (see TT I). CA 36, excavated in 1991 and 1993, revealed an intentional deposit with materials such as full profiles of coil made pottery and a bronze fibula. The deposit was capped with stones. The artifacts from this deposit, specifically the fibula and coil made pottery suggest an earlier date (8 th century) for this deposit than the buildings found on Piano del Tesoro to the east (see JB IV and TT IV).
During excavations in 1997 on Civtate A an archaic period well was discovered (see JBB II, LS I, and MG II). Materials recovered from within the wellÂ’s opening are exclusively typologically datable to the Archaic period, suggesting the well was constructed, used and closed entirely within the Archaic period phase of the siteÂ’s occupation. In the continued exploration of the area surrounding the well in 1998 another intentional
deposit with a diamond shaped stone capping was discovered in CA 42N (see MG II). This capping, like that of CA36, appeared to cover another deposit consisting of material typologically akin to that of the Iron Age.
Excavation resumed on Civitate A in 2007. CA 55 was placed directly to the east of CA 36, with the intention of exploring the deposit uncovered in 1993. The same carbon included soil and stone capping continued into CA 55 with a number of bronze and iron items and more coil made ceramics found under the cap. Furthermore a decorated handle fragment (20070251) was recovered that joined with a handle fragment from CA 36 (19930049). (See CO II)
In 2009 excavations resumed in Civitate A. While CA 61 did not uncover another deposit, the trench, along with CA 55, proved that the CA 36/ CA 55 deposit did not extend further east or south. There was a clear demarcation in the soil between the carbon included soil of the deposit and the yellowish brown sterile soil in the rest of the two trenches (see CO II and CO III). CA 62, however, found material that was similar to and joined with items found in the initial deposit of CA 36 (2090016 and 199X0168). The joins between CA 36 and CA 55, and CA 36 and CA 62 prove that all 3 deposits were open at the same time.
CA 65 will be located along the eastern baulk wall of CA 61Â’s extension, 15 m. east of the Archaic well. The coordinates of the trench are as follows
-Northwest corner - 5 E, 4 N
-Northeast corner Â– 9 E, 4 N
-Southeast corner -9 E, 1 N
-Southwest corner -5 E, 1 N
Further excavation is needed to better understand all the deposits and features uncovered in the Civitate A area. Therefore the goals of CA 65 are:
To gain a better understanding of the deposits in CA 36, CA 55, and CA 62 and the stratigraphy associated with them.
To explore the possibility of habitation in the area related to the deposits for CA 36, CA 55, and CA 62.
To explore the possibility of a period of occupation in this area dateable to the Archaic Period phase of Poggio CivitateÂ’s development.
To explore the possibility of further metal working in the area associated with the roasting pits in CA 33.
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