June 16, 1982
The 60 cm cut was extended south into meters S-77, 78, 79 and then into T-77, 78. The soil of the cut* was red-brown, but darker than that found in R, Q, P-79 (in meter S-79*). The soil in S-79 was also less red. In S-78, 77 and T-78-77 the soil was more yellow grey.
Of interest today is the discovery that the large flat surface discovered in R-79 at 55 cm yesterday extends into S-79 and also R, S, T-78, 77. This surface appears to be a type of terracotta composition. It is at a depth of 60 cm in S-77
and at a depth of 50 cm in T-77. It appears that this "flow" covers the entire southern end of the trench. Quite possibly, the "concrete" found in T-79 lies above the terracotta-like "floor."
The entire trench was brought to 50-60 cm and brushed down and indeed the "floor," composed of a hard terracotta-plaster like material appears to cover at least the entire area of meters R, S, T-77, 78, 79 except for a break in 20 cm wide in meters 78-R, S, T, possibly due to erosion. Above the floor were fragments of tile which were at first removed but then later left in place. These tiles appeared to be thin. Soil just above the floor was unexcacated in meter P, Q-77-78-79. It is not known at the moment how far the floor extends into these meters. Overall, the exposed portions of the floor appears to be flat with a slight depression of 5 cm in meter T-77. The floor apparently extends to the west into the western wall of the trench and also into the southern and eastern walls of the trench. The floor appears to be one in the same with the mortar like material uncovered in meter T-79 since the floor in (continued in)
- Find #1
- 60 cm below surface
- lateral sima fragment
- Find #3
- 60 cm below surface
- unknown terracotta object
- Find #4
- 60 cm below surface
- unknown terra cotta object
- Find #9
- 50 cm below surface
- alabastron greyware lip and neck
meter S-79 appears to be continuous with the mortar like material in meter T-79.
Note that there are two large flat stones around which the floor seems to continue. These stones are set at a level only slightly above the floor level and may in fact have been support bases for posts or coluumn. These stones are located in meter Q-77 and T/S-79.
There was a large pantile located in meter P-77 with its entire width preserved. This pan tile apparantly lies just above the floor and was exposed and cleared for photo-graphing. There does not appear to be an entire length preserved.
In addition to the floor, a pithos rim fragment was found today as were chunks of glassy slag. Bone was also found.
See following page for a sketch of the trench.
Students continued to clear the soil from the floor in meters P, Q-77, 79, 79 with mestaline and hammers. Some glassy slag was uncovered. Also the area where the floor erodes in meters T-S, R-78 was more clearly defined. Of note is the apparantly high concentration of plaster like material in the meter P, Q 77-78-79. In Q/P-77 there appears to be a thick red plaster like material above the floor. In meter P-79 this red material was also encountered along with some black burn material which does not appear to be carbonized wood. The plaster material was left in place. Consequently, little of the floor was uncovered in P, Q-77, 78, 79. Note however the red-brown color and powdery texture of the sail just above this area when the cut was being made in this area (MT V pg. 43)
A greenish-yellow type plaster was encountered in P-77 and P-79. A sample was saved and taken to the magazzino.
Note that the trench and the tile in P-77 were both photographed this afternoon.
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