Open Context

Daily Log

June 25, 1990

A 10cm cut was taken in meter J/18, extending the depth of the trench in this meter to ca. 40cm.  The soil in the cut remianed dark to medium brown in color and contained a large amount of roots and small rocks.  A few small pieces of worn tile and a quarter of a box of weathered impasto and coarseware sherds were discovered in this meter.

A 15cm. cut was also taken in meters G-H/16 to a depth of ca. 45-50cm.  At a depth of ca. 20-25cm. from the surface the soil in these meters turns to galestra.  No material was recovered from the galestra.  The cut was also continued east into meters I-J/16.  Beginning at a depth of ca. 25cm the soil in the southeastern half of meter I/16 and in the southern half of meter J/16

turned dark brown in color, in contrast to the light to medium brown soil above.  This dark brown soil contianed light concentrations of carbonized wood and produced some small burned pottery and tile fragments.  The area of this dark brown soil was then swept and cleaned down with a mestalina and brush to mroe closely define the extent and nature of the soil change.  Three quarters of a box of impasto and coarseware sherds, including a few pieces of bone, and slightly less than one quarter of a casseea of small pieces of worn tile were recovered from the dark brown soil.  In addition, a few small pieces of bitrifed tile and slag were also recovered.

The concentration of rocks encountered at the base of the trench in meter J/15 at a depth of ca. 65cm. was further swept and cleaned.  Notably the concentration disappears quite suddenly just before the northern edge of J/15 where the soil turns to a sterile galestra layer.  Clearing to the est into meter I/15 has not yet reached a deep enough level to determine whether the rock concentration extends into this meter.  Futher cleaning along the base of the trench wall in meter J/15 also uncovered the apparent extension of the rock concentration into the northern balk.  One half a box of impasto sherds, including many burned pieces, several small chunks of slag and vitrified tile and a few burned pieces of bone were removed from among

the rocks in J/15.  At the end of the morning the rocks were cleared and a section was sketched of the northern balk of J/15.

Cleaning with bursh and mestalina also continued along the trench floor and eastern balk of meter I/14.  The soil in this meter was dark brown i color and contained a light concentration of carbonized wood.  During cleaning of the balk, a small bronze fibula pin was discovered.  One half of a box of impasto and coarseware sherds, including several burned pieces, and a few pieces of burned bone were recovered from the dark brown soil.  In addition, two small pieces of slag and a few gragmetns of worn tile were found.

Cleaning of the pit formation in meters H-I/12 also continued.  The rocks uncovered apparently lining the western flank of the pit were wept and cleaned for photographs.  Further cleaning to the northeast then revelaed the apparent extension of the rocks at least as far at the northeastern corner of the pit.  Cleaning also continued in the center of the pit in meter H-I/12 to the north.  Cleaning in this area revealed two coarseware fragments embedded in the pit surface at a dpeth of ca. 94cm.  the surface of one of the fragments displays traces of burning.  A cluster of three small rocks was also uncovered near the northeast corner of the pit.  Both the pottery fragments and the rocks were left in situ for

further cleaning.  The soil in the pit is still of a mottled cast but appears to be turning to a deeper red in color at the lowest exposed depth- ca. 95cm.  Much of the soil contains a large amount of small plaster chunks and patches of disintegrated plaster.  The soil in some areas also contains light concentrations of carbonized wood.  No ceramic material or tile was discovered in the pit soil.  An interesting piece of worked stone, however, was recovered form meter I/12.

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Work continued in clearing down the soil in meter I/15 to determine the western extent of the rock pack previously uncovered in meter J/15.  Cleaning with mestalina and brush thus far down to a depth of ca. 70cm in meter I/15 has revealed no trace of the continuation of the rocks into this meter.  Further clearning of the soil in meter I/15, however, will be necessary to determine the precise point of the termination of the rock concentration to the west.  The soil in meter I/15, like that to the east in meter J/15, was dark brown in color and contained a large amount of carbonized wood.  IN addition, this dark

brown burn soil continues to yield a large amount of small chunks of vitrified tile and slag.  One box of impasto and coarseware sherds, including many burned pieces, and a few pieces of burned bone were discovered in the black burn soil.  A few small pieces of tile, most all unburned, were also recovered.

Cleaning with mestalina and brush also continued both in the eastern half and along the balk of meter I/14.  The soil in the eastern half of this meter has now been cleared to a depth of ca. 65cm.  At a depth of ca. 40-45cm the soil in this half of the meter became dark brown in color and began to display increasingly greater concentrations

of carbonized wood.  A few small fragmetns of slag and vitrified tile were discovered at a depth of ca. 50-65cm in the dark brown soil.  In addition, a large amount of both impasto and coarseware sherds (one and a half boxes), including several burned pieces, and several pieces of burned bone were recovered from the dark brown soil.  Finally, towards the end of the afternoon a number of small rocks were uncovered at the botton of the cleared area.  Clearing with mestalina and brush also continued in meter I/16.  The soil in this area remained dark brown in color and contained a light concentration of carbonized wood.  One half a box of

impasto and coarseware sherds, including many burned pieces, were discovered in the dark brown soil.  A few fragments of slag and bitrified tile were also recovered.  In addition, one quarter cassetta of tile was found.  Futher cleaning will be necessary to determine the extent of the black burn layer in meter I/16 and its possible relationship to the burn soil encountered in meter J/15.

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Suggested Citation

Jon Berkin. "JB I (1990-06-25):184-203; Daily Log from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Civitate B/Civitate B 23/1989, ID:232". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/documents/e7cfd997-9a38-4f3c-a7bb-4a23022911bc>

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