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The material here summarized comes from extension trenches of Tesoro 9: T9 N-R 3-7, the purpose of which was to follow the wall uncovered in 1969 in T9 in Section 9 (NW, p 172) towards the east; T9 N-R 11-13, to follow eastwards the rock cut running parallel to the wall; approx. T9 B-C 11-13, to lift the rocks and earth ridge left from 1969\xe7 and T9 V-W 10-16, to see if it should be necessary to excavated between this cut and the T9 N-R 11-13 trench. The other extension trench is designated T9\' 1-11 because, being set 1-50 m from the north edge of the wall, it does not follow the T9 grid system.Its purpose was to follow along the line of the exposed flat rocks in T9 N-R 3-5, to find others to the west.

The yield from the area as a whole was basically of uniform scantiness, though nice finds did occur. There were areas of

greater concentration of material, specifically

  1. north of the wall in T9\' wih a tile layer and dark brown clay clayer (see plan, p 91 ) where a 4-piece fibula and large 1-piece fibula segment (pp 66 - 68 , find no. 8. 14 and p76, find #1) were found, also rocchetti fragments, spindle whorls, and some nice pottery pieces, similarly to
  2. north of the wall in T9 N-R 3-4 where bronze fragments, much of 2 or 3 scatter painted ware vases, several rocchetti, and some nice bucchero pieces were found.

Two spots of special plaster concentration occurred, in T9 R4 (see plan, p 62 ) and again in the B-C 11-13 rock fill on the face of the bedrock. The architectural terra cotta fragments were found at random in terms of type, quality of preservation, and area: see entries for T9 V-W 11-16 pp 102 - 106 , where an early type of antefix head, a worn piece of

procession frieze, a nice 2-piece feline spoit fragment, and a well-preserved piece of horse race frieze were all excavated from adjacent finds within a depth area of 20cm. Tiles, except for the nice ridgepole pices (see p 54 #11, p 80 #8, p 86 #3, p 92 #1), square rimmed pan tile (p 54 #13) and lettered cover tile (p 54 #12) found in the T9\' tile concentration, were relatively few and poor in quality. The pottery was coarse generally, pieces rarely joined. Given the wall, the plaster finds were interesting: the two deposits (see p ) with several nices impressed pieces, otherwise scatted finds but mostly occurring north of the wall.

The main problems are in relation to the T9 wall, function and chronology. Rather than being in line, it goes crookedly to the south in respect to the main building. It has a line of problematical 9 rocks

in the area so far excavated, which are neither decisively buttresses (only 2, perhaps 3, interlock with the wall while the ones to the west are increasingly far from the wall) nor column bases not completely equidistant, again the different distances from the wall, and the 2nd rock (p 93 photo 3) which is rounded and pitted, not flat). Given what most likely is a drain to the south of the wall (see pp 82 and 85 ), the wall may belong to a sort of out-building belonging to the main building. Also favoring this explanation is its nonaligned crookedness, its relative smallness (neither thick nor wide), and the scatterdness of the finds in its own level and in that which is overlies. That is, the one fragment of early antefix head (p 104 #2), the first one in found in the area, does not prove that we are in an earlier level. Likewise, the dark brown layer (plan, p 91 ) is

not necessarily substantially earlier since tiles occur in that strip as well as the lighting brown one higher up. Mostly, however, the facts that the wall is superposed on a rockfill, not bedrock, on and in which nice small finds are made, on earth over that, and in T9 Q 3-4 (see plans p 63 - 65 ) on a plaster deposit only beneath which golestra is found suggest that it is older and of lesser importance rather than it is the lower earlier building. The scattering of painted ware sherds many of which go together (see sherd box) north and below the wall (see pp 22 #5, 42 #4. 52 #7, 64 #1) also seem typical of a destruction level, such as preceded the construction of the upper building-a levelling, witness the the rock fill throughout these eastern T9 cuts, which served as a foundation.

The enigmas of function and chronology

will continue until the wlal is continued to be excavated eastwards, the plaster fill in R4 (plan p 62 ) lifted, and the stone ring in Q-R 3-4 (plan p 62 ) further explored. Also, it would be instructive to go beneath the stone fill which runs more or less continuously throughout the area south of the wall and seems to serve as foundation for the wall and flat rocks (see plans pp 63 , 65 , and 89 ) to see what remains lie below and/or in it.

The other productive area for excavation would seem to be north down the slope from the wall since the tile layer visible in profile from which the ridgepole tile pieces came (see plan p 91 ) must continue there. The deeper exacavation went, in T9 N-R 3-4 and T9\' 6-11, where finds continued before lifting golestra, the more it appears that the material has

been thrown down the slope.

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Suggested Citation

Tamsen Fuller. "TF I (1971-08-07):107-120; Summary from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 9/1971, ID:382". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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