Open Context

Trench Summary

The excavation of VT-2 has clarified some of the issues for our understanding of the site, but still more remains to be done.

In VT-2 a stone feature was uncovered which appears to have been used as a retaining wall.  Bedrock is present in the south-center of the trench and slopes steeply down to the north.  The stones rest on a package of soil that occupies that slope up to a height slightly higher than the top of the bedrock.  It appears that the stones held the soil behind it to the west to prevent it from being washed down the slope to the east.

On both sides of this stone feature is a hard packed layer of soil on top of which significant amounts of terracotta and pottery were found.  In particular, to the west of the stone feature several partially preserved vessels were found resting directly on this hard packed layer which suggests that it was a deliberately constructed feature.

The pottery resting on top of this layer suggests that it dates to the Hellenistic era of Etruscan civilization (late 4th thru 2nd centuries B.C.).

Below this hard packed layer terracotta and pottery were still found, in particular, buccheroid sherds suggesting an Archaic date.

How the features of this trench relate to the forno remains excavated in 1970 is unclear.  The hard packed layer (forming a surface) appears higher than the working surface of the forno and the stone feature does not appear to continue north to join the south wall of the forno area.

Further excavation in this area is therefore needed to clarify the relationship between what was found in VT-2 and these forno remains.

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Suggested Citation

Ed Clark. "VT 2 (2006-08-08):94-95; Trench Summary from Italy/Vescovado di Murlo/Upper Vescovado/Vescovado 2/2006, ID:577". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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