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Introduction

Introduction:

Civitate A is the area to the north of the main road leading to Piano del Tesoro, which makes up the large portion of the north slope of the hill.  While excavation had taken place here previously, it was the discovery of metal roasting pits and a number of pieces of copper slag in CA 33 during the 1990 season which renewed interest in the area (see JB I and JB III ).

Following this discovery in 1991, a number of trenches were excavated in the Civitate A area.  CA 37 contained what appeared to be an intentional deposit (See TT I ).  CA 36, begun during the 1991 season and then continued in the 1993 season, revealed an intentional deposit capped by an intentional deposit of stones (see JB IV and TT IV ).  The material from CA 36 suggests an earlier date for the deposit than that associated with Piano del Tesoro to the east.

During excavation on Civitate A during the 1997 season, an archaic period well was discovered (see JBB II , LS I , and MG II ).  Excavation of the area surrounding the well in 1998 revealed another intentional

deposit with a diamond shaped stone capping was discovered in CA 42N (see MG II ).

Each of these previous excavations contributed to further exploratory trenches CA 56, CA 57, CA 58, CA 59, and CA 60, dug to the north of CA 36 (see AMA/CGM I , AMA/CGM III , AWB/JEM I , DBB/KMH I , and JAH/JLL I ) to further investigate the area in 2007. Also in 2007 CA 55 was opened adjacent to CA 36 ( see CO II ) and led to a better understanding of the deposit in CA 36 and its associated stratigraphy. Most notably a decorated handle fragment ( 20070251

20070251
20070251 ) joined with another decorated handle fragment ( 19930049
19930049
19930049 ), which was uncovered in the deposit in CA 36, demonstrating that the same deposit was uncovered in both trenches.

The finds from this deposit were generally characteristic of the late 8th century, which additionally aid in dating this deposit.  Furthermore, CA 55 seemed to contain a clear line delineating the extent of this deposit; not only did the capping feature not continue, but neither did the burned soil.  Instead, there was just a lighter sandier soil which contained no material.

CA 55, like CA 36 before it, was unable to clarify why this material would have been deposited in this

fashion.  Therefore, in the 2009 season two trenches, CA 61 and CA 62 were opened to explore further the extent of this same type of deposit (see CO III and AEG I ).

CA 61 produced relatively little information, and finds seem to be deposited due to erosion. CA 62 was integral to understanding Civitate AÂ’s stone capping features. There was an intentional stone capping of stones 4-6cm in size, able to be seen at surface level. The feature was rectangular, about one meter by one and a half meters in dimension, and located near the center of the trench on a slight northwest to southeast axis.

In excavation it was found that a piece of bucchero handle, 20090016

, attached to a piece from CA 36, 19940168
19940168
, indicating that these two deposits were open during the same period. Additionally, the joining of pieces from CA 55, 20070251 20070251 20070251 , and CA 36, 19930049 19930049 19930049 , indicate that all three areas were exposed at the same time.

A plotting of the deposits from CA 36, CA 42N, CA 55, and CA 62 shows that they occur on a roughly

regularly straight line, which runs diagonally southeast to northwest. Because of this lining up it is inferred that the deposits were made intentionally, though for what purpose is still under debate.

CA 64 will be established directly east of CA 62. The goals for CA 64 during the 2010 season are as follows:

1. To explore the possibility of further intentional deposits in the area related to the deposits in CA 36, CA 42N, CA 55, and CA 62.

2. To explore the possibility of habitation in the area.

3. To explore the possibility of further metal working in the area associated with the roasting pits in CA 33.

During this season excavations will also occur in CA 63, CA 65, and CA 66 for the same purposes (see AJC I , CO IV , JRV III ).

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Suggested Citation

Ann Elizabeth Glennie. "AEG II (2010-06-28):3-10; Introduction from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Civitate A/Civitate A 64/2010, ID:620". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/documents/f45674a1-6c86-46be-874d-bd76de4104d6>

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Murlo

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