Open Context

Conclusion

The goals for T-57 were

· To explore the area immediately to the east of CA 72, 73, and 78 and reveal new architectural features, stratigraphy, and topographic information in this area.

· To recover dateable material from a secure context to better understand the features found in 2012/2013 in Civitate A

· To search for evidence of non-elite habitation on the western area of the hill in association with previous architecture and deposits of the area.

· To explore the possibility of other intentional archaic deposits as those found in CA 2/24/28.

T-57 was successful in accomplishing some of its goals for the 2014 season. During the exploration of the area east of CA 72, 73, and 78, the trench revealed a linear packing of stones that ran diagonally from the northwest to the southeastern corners of the trench. These rocks were declared loci 3 and 9 . The rocks were defined and cleared while excavation continued in the adjacent loci (4 , 5 , 8 , 11 , 12 ) that were north of the stone loci in order to better understand the stone feature. It was during this time that we noticed that the stones appeared to have a series of coursings under the defined top layer. The stones are approximately 1 to 1.2 meters in width and run roughly parallel to a linear rock feature in T-59 {KRK VII} that is roughly 5.7 meters south.

Very little material was recovered on top of this packing, most of it from near the roots of near by trees. This seems to imply that the fill between the stones was intentional. The stones appear to be in a feature of a similar size and robustness to the Orientalizing tripartite building walls and also the Archaic complex walls. This information, along with the parallel set of stones in T-59 {KRK VII} and further stone features in T-65 {JWM/KRC I} and T-66 {KD II} leave the excavator confident that the upper coursing of a foundation to a wall was uncovered in T-57 during the 2014 season. The full extent of the wall and its relation to the other walls is still unclear and will need to be excavated further in 2015 to clarify the questions.

No chronologically diagnostic artifacts were recovered and so it is unclear the period during which the wall was used. We also never uncovered a working floor surface during the season so the possible use of the building remains unclear.

Moreover during the 2014 season, 2 human neonate humeri ( 20140036 20140036 and 20140066 20140066 ) were also recovered from a securely stratigraphic context on the site. Both of these bones appear to have been recovered from a non-funeral context. The loci they were contained in were north of the wall and contained fragments of tile, pottery, and animal bones. There were no intentional cuttings into the soil.

For T-57Â’s other goals we were less successful, no archaic deposition pit was recovered, no non-elite architecture was exposed, and no chronologically diagnostic material was recovered. However the use of the new building and its importance to the site will become clearer as further excavations are conducted.

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Suggested Citation

Andrew J. Carroll. "AJC VI (2014-08-12):255-256; Conclusion from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 57/2015, ID:699". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/documents/fbab099a-c069-4d85-b4ae-fc371fc42b92>

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Murlo

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