July 21, 1982
Tile: 13 Pottery: 4
The 50-60cm cut in M,N,O - 80-82 was continued to the north through meters M- 80-82. The soil of this cut remains as described yesterday morning - dark red, brown orange with a high concentration of fist size plaster fragments.
A new cut, to ~60cm was begun in meters O - 80-82. The soil of this cut was very dark red and in fact appeared to be the same material that the roof tiles are composed of except that this soil broek up just as normal earth would. A soil sample was saved and taken to the magazino. The following explanations are put forward concerning the soil:
1- The area contained a pile of clay which was to be used to make covertiles.
2- The soil is actually displaying the remains of mud-bricks which have decomposed. However note that no distinct shapes could be discerned in this cut which might be called brick shaped.
Floor was not encountered at this level though it appeared that if the floor did extend northward it would be encounctered at this level. This was determined by noting the floor level in P - 80-82. A sample area (~10cm x
10cm) was taken ~10cm deeper: This yielded carbonized material (beans and seeds included) in yellow-grey soil. This area was reburied and the 60cm cut continued northward. Note that a large flat stone in line with other column bases, was encountered in O-82 at ~50cm . This stone lies ~2.80m (center to center) from the stone in meter P-80. However it appears that the floor does not extend to the norht into M,N,O - 80-82 and that this stone is not incorporated into the floor. (continued on)
- Find #3
- 60 cm
Bucchero (?) egg with depression
- Find #4
- 60 cm
Rocchetto head -- badly worn, orangeware
- Find #5
- 40 cm
Ivory goilloche in 2 joining fragments
- Find #7
- 70 cm
- Find #13
- 70 cm
Cover tile with width preserved
Note that finds 1-13 were drawn by M. Spencer.
- Find #14
- 70 cm
Pan tile with width preserved (fragmented)
The 60cm was extended to the north. In meters N - 80-81 however a packing of small (10cm x 10cm) stones was encountered and these were left in place. These stones lie at ~60cm-65cm. As the cut was continued through meters N - 80-82 the soil was not quite as intensly red and the "mud brick" character was not so prevalent. In meters M - 80-82 large tiles were encountered at ~70-80cm. (Note that the cut seems to be deeper because the ground level slopes up towards the north. The borrom of the trench is fairly level). These tiles appear to be mainly whole and are mostly pan tiles, though there are covertiles intermixed. One pan tile, with a complete width, was removed (todays). This pan tile joins to fragments imbedded in the trench wall in meter M-81. Also a covertile fragment was removed. The tile area was cleaned down with hammers and mestaline.
Note that the soil just above the stone packing in N - 81, 80 and also what appears to be part of the stone packing in M-82 is black-grey, containing carbonized ceramic and wood material.
Work continued with dental tools in meter R-74 exposing the area around which ivory fragments have been found. An ivory guilloche fragment was found in direct line with three other pieces which were found earlier. Going from South to North, the 2nd piece is ~20m from the southern-most piece. The 3rd piece is ~25cm from the 2nd piece, and the 4th piece, today's piece is ~43cm from the 3rd piece. Today's piece had a rounded finished end, pointing south. Note that in the line between these piueces are small stones and bits of tile and plaster. Further dental work to the north did not yield ivory. Bronze flecks (2) were found. The piece found today, today's, lied at 40-45cm, the same level as the other ivories excavated with dental tools.
Tile: 1/2 Pottery: 1
Work continued in cleaning down the tile and stones in cleaning down the tile and stones in M, N - 80-82 with hammers and mestaline. Bone was found above the stones and mixed with the tile, as it was this morning. The tile layer in M,N,O - 77-79 was drawn.
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